IRIN PlusNews HIV/AIDS News and information service | Country Profile | Swaziland

top
Sunday 7 May 2006
Home About PlusNews Country Profiles News Briefs Special Reports Subscribe Archive IRINnews
 

  SWAZILAND - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework
Status

Completed for the period 2000-2005.

National policies
  • HIV/AIDS policies exist for health, the military and the workplace.

Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
National Emergency Response Committee on HIV/AIDS (NERCHA)

Contact person: Dr Derek Von Wissel - Director
Tel: +268 404 2431 / +266 404 1708
Fax: +268 404 1720
Email: /
Website: www.gov.sz

Swaziland National AIDS Programme (SNAP)
Contact person: Dr Velephi Okello - Antiretroviral Therapy Focal Person
P.O. Box 1119, Mbabane, Swaziland
Tel: +268 404 8440/1 / +268 404 5397
Fax: +268 404 8209
Website: www.gov.sz

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. The AIDS Information Support Centre (TASC)
    Contact person: Thandi Nhlengethwa - Director or Harriet Kunene - Head of Programme
    P.O. Box 1279, Manzini, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 505 4790
    Email:
    Website: www.tasc.org.sz
    HIV/AIDS information, education and communication strategies; mass media HIV/AIDS information dissemination; condom promotion and distribution; voluntary walk-ins for counselling and testing; telephone helpline; training and programme support.

  2. Baphalali Swaziland Red Cross Society
    Contact person: Elliot Jele - National Coordinator
    104 Dzeliwe Street
    P.O. Box 377, Mbabane, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 404 2532 / +268 404 49242 / +268 404 0757
    Fax: +268 404 6108
    Email: / /
    Information; advice; care and support; training, capacity building advocacy; counselling.

  3. The Family Life Association of Swaziland (FLAS)
    Contact person: Cedric Musa Mgogo - Executive Director or Dudu Simelane - Deputy Executive Director
    P.O. Box 1051, Manzini, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 505 3082 / +268 505 3086
    Fax: +268 505 3191
    Email:
    Website: www.flas.org.sz
    Provision of comprehensive and holistic sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services with special focus on youth.

  4. FLAS Youth Team
    Contact person: Petros Dlamini - Youth Affairs Manager
    P.O. Box 1051, Manzini, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 505 3082 / +268 505 3088
    Fax: +268 505 3191
    Mobile: + 268 605 3800
    Email:
    Website: www.flas.org.sz
    Programes for prevention and reduction of unwanted pregnancies; maternal mortality; sexually transmitted infections; unsafe abortion and HIV/AIDS.

  5. Hlanganani Help Centre - working with: Municipal HIV/AIDS Team (MHI)
    Contact person: Rhumelele Thwaza
    P.O. Box 418, Manzini, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 505 2481/3
    Fax: +268 505 3992
    Self help, information; advice; support; advocacy; counselling.

  6. Population Services International (PSI)
    Contact person: Babazile Dhlamini - Programme Manager
    CC: Billy Scott
    Manzini M200, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 505 2157/62 5052157
    Fax: +268 505 2130
    Email:
    Website: www.psi.org
    Uses social marketing to deliver health products, services and information that enable low-income and other vulnerable people to lead healthier lives.

  7. Schools HIV/AIDS Population Education
    Contact person: Ms Zanele Dlamini - Director
    P.O. Box 5218, Mbabane, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 404 5066
    Fax: +268 404 5752
    Email: /
    HIV/AIDS education; information; advice; support; advocacy; counselling

  8. Save the Children
    Contact person: Dumsani Mnisi
    P.O. Box 472, Mbabane, Swaziland
    Fax: +268 404 7719
    Email:

  9. Swaziland Network of AIDS Support Organisations
    Contact Person: Mr Madzabudzabu Kunene
    P.O. Box 4764
    Mbabane, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 422 1640
    Fax: +268 422 0663
    Email:
    National network facilitating research, exchange of information, access to resources, policy influence and advocacy, capacity building and providing technical assistance to its members, thus enhancing their capacities to mitigate the spread of HIV.

  10. Swaziland Hospice at Home
    Contact person: Thulile Dlamini-Msane
    P.O. Box 23, Matsapha, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 518 4485 / +268 518 6737
    Fax: +268 518 6405
    Email:
    Care and support; counselling; training for health professionals and the public; bereavement support.

  11. Swaziland AIDS Support Organisation (SASO)
    Contact person: Hannie Dlamini
    P.O. Box 6102, Mbabane, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 422 1640 / +268 422 1640
    Fax: +268 422 0663
    Mobile: +268 605 2776
    Email:
    Self-help; information; education; prevention; advocacy; lobbying; counselling.

  12. Swaziland Positive Living for Life
    Contact person: Ms Siphiwe Hlophe
    P.O. Box 2030, Manzini, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 505 7088
    Mobile: +268 605 7782
    Fax: +268 505 8538
    Email: /
    HIV/AIDS awareness; information; education; prevention; advocacy; lobbying; counselling.

  13. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Dr Alan Brody
    UNICEF Representative
    P.O. Box 1859, Mbabane, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 407 1000
    Fax: +268 404 5202
    Email:
    Website: www.unicef.org
    Supports an expanded response and policy advice on preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.

  14. UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: Ms Mulunesh Tennagashaw
    P.O. Box 261, Mbabane, Swaziland
    Tel: +268 404 8559 / +268 405 0651
    Fax: +268 404 9931
    Email:
    Website: www.unaids.org
    UNAIDS leads, strengthens and supports an expanded response aimed at preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 1,083 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 128 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 503 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 1.9 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 23.5 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 1.38 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 33.3 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 27.7 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 370 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 38.8 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 4.6 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 86 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 135 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 4530 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 -0.1 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 167 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 68.5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 20.4 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 19.2 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 21.4 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 128 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1997 121 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1996 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1996 not available UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 220,000  
Adults (15-49) 200,000 Adult rate(%) 38.8
Women (15-49) 110,000  
Children (0-15) 16,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 17,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 65,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

HIV information among antenatal clinic attendees is available from Swaziland since 1992 from sentinel surveillance. Sentinel surveillance is conducted every two years. In 1992, 4 percent of antenatal clinic women tested in Hhohho were HIV positive as well as 4 percent of the women tested outside of Hhohho in Lubombo, Manzini, and Shiselweni. By 2002, 37 percent of antenatal women tested in Hhohho. Nationally, 38.6 percent of women attending antenatal care clinics were HIV positive in 2002.

HIV sentinel surveillance information is available for STD clinic patients since 1992. In Hhohho, HIV prevalence among male STD clinic patients tested increased from 10 percent in 1992 to 53 percent in 1998. Among female patients in Hhohho, HIV prevalence rose from 11 percent in 1992 to 47 percent in 1998. In 2000, among both male and female patients, 49 percent were HIV positive in Hhohho. Outside of Hhohho, HIV prevalence information is available from Lubombo, Manzini and Shiselweni. Median HIV prevalence among male STD clinic patients increased from 12 percent in 1992 to 45 percent in 1998. Among female STD clinic patients, median HIV prevalence in 1998 had reached 50 percent of women tested outside of Hhohho. In 2000, among both male and female patients outside of Hhohho, 51 percent were infected.



Return to map

Other Country Profiles


[Back] [Home Page]

Click here to send any feedback, comments or questions you have about IRIN's Website or if you prefer you can send an Email to Webmaster

Copyright © IRIN 2006
The material contained on www.IRINnews.org comes to you via IRIN, a UN humanitarian news and information service, but may not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies.
All IRIN material may be reposted or reprinted free-of-charge; refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use. IRIN is a project of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.