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Tuesday 13 February 2007
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  SENEGAL - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework
Status

Completed for the period 2002-2006.

National policies
  • Law and ethics committee.
  • National HIV/AIDS policy.
  • Health sector policy.

Ministry of Health, Hygiene, and Prevention:
Dakar, Senegal
Tel: +221 822 9045 / 869 4240
Fax: +221 822 1507

Conseil National de Lutte contre le SIDA et les MST (CNLS) - National Council for the Struggle Against AIDS and STDs
Tel: +221 822 9045
Fax: +221 822 1507
Email:

  • Strategies employed by the National Programme to maintain low HIV/AIDS prevalence include measuring the scope of the epidemic; guaranteeing the safety of blood transfusions; promoting education activities for the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV; supporting the psychological and clinical needs of persons living with HIV/AIDS; and reinforcing prevention efforts for all STIs.
  • HIV/AIDS Organisations:

    1. African Council of AIDS Service Organisations (AfriCASO)
      Contact person: Innocent Laison
      Sacre-Coeur 1, n° 8516
      B.P. 28366
      Dakar, Senegal
      Tel: +221 864 6444
      Fax: +221 864 5818
      Website: www.africaso.net
      · African Regional Secretariat of the International Council of AIDS Service Organisations with five sub-regional networks.

  • Réseau National des Personnes vivant avec le VIH (RNP+)
    National Network of PWAS

    Contact person: Souadou Seck
    Address: 54 rue Carnot, Dakar
    Tel: +221 820 2473
    Email:
    · The RNP+ is made up of five 5 PWA groups and coordinates their information, counselling and training activities.
  • African Network on Ethics, Law and HIV/AIDS
    C/O UNDP BP 154, Dakar
    Tel: +221 823 0001
    Fax: +221 823 4834
    Email:
    · The network is involved in the development of other networks; HIV/AIDS advocacy and the promotion of human rights.
  • Centre De Coopération Internationale En Santé Et En Développement (CCISD) - Centre for International Cooperation in Health and Development
    Project SIDA 3 - Senegal
    Contact person: Ms Tleoli Clotildi
    B.P. 28050
    Dakar, Senegal
    Tel: +221 825 1888
    Fax: +221 864 2654
    Email:
    · Supports a number of basic health services located in underprivileged urban areas; in areas and places of prostitution and along migratory routes. Activities centre on personnel training and STD control, particularly by ensuring access to essential drugs, providing training, and supporting community organisations.
  • Ceffeva/Coswfeva - Comité D'études Sur les Femmes, la Famille Et L'environnement En Afrique
    Contact person: Christine Nare
    B.P. 5906
    Dakar-Fann, Senegal
    Tel: +221 825 3620
    Fax: +221 824 7197
    Email:
    · Research programme and interventions in reproductive health; evaluation and implementation of reproductive health programmes; training of trainers; information sharing and promotion of information technologies.
  • ENDA Tiers Monde
    4 & 5 rue Kléber
    BP 3370 Dakar, Sénégal
    Tel: +221 842 8250
    Fax: +221 822 2695
    Email:
    · Organisational support; networking; support; advice; information; education; prevention.
  • HIV Testing Centre
    Address: Centre de Promotion de la Santé - Extention Cité Keur Damel
    B.P. 15314, Dakar-Fann
    Tel: +221 835 3407
    Fax: +221 835 3408
    Email:
    · The centre offers pre- and post-test counselling; voluntary, anonymous and free HIV testing; care of people living with HIV/AIDS; home or hospital visits; care of infected and affected children; income generating projects; development of local centres and awareness raising in schools, prisons and other NGOs on STI /AIDS.
  • Programme National De Lutte Contre Le Sida (PNLS)
    Contact person: Ibrahim N’Doye
    B.P. 3435
    Dakar RP, Senegal
    Tel: +221 822 9045
    Fax: +221 822 1507
    Email:
    · Grant-making body; technical support to organisations and development of anti-HIV programmes; capacity building.
  • PROMETRA
    Promotion des Medecines Traditionelles Contact person: Erick Vidjin’ Aghih Gbodossou
    B.P. 6134
    Dakar-Etoile, Senegal
    Tel: +221 832 2850 / +221 832 5749
    Fax: +221 834 0215
    Email:
    Website: www.prometra.org
    · Network of traditional healers; prevention and care; magazine “Médecine verte”; management of data relating to HIV and traditional medicine via the Internet; training manual for healers to train as IEC Officers; research.
  • SIDA Service
    Contact person: Paul Sagna
    B.P. 15314 Fann
    Dakar, Senegal
    Tel: +221 835 3407
    Fax: +221 835 3408
    Email:
    · Pre- and post-test counselling; voluntary, anonymous and free HIV testing; care of people living with HIV/AIDS; home or hospital visits; care of infected and affected children; income generating projects; development of local centres and awareness raising in schools, prisons and among other NGOs on STI /AIDS.
  • Society for Women and AIDS in Africa (SWAA)
    Contact person: Soukaye Dieng
    B.P. 7504, Dakar
    Tel: +221 824 5178
    Fax: +221 824 5178
    Email:
    · SWAA provides counselling, training, education, information and awareness campaigns and support and care for PWAs and orphans.
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 10,339 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 1075 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 4980 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.4 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 49.2 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 3.86 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 36.6 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 11.8 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 690 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 55.8 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 73 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 138 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 1510 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 0.0 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 63 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as %of total expenditure on health 2001 58.8 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 62.6 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 52.7 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 72.3 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 79 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1997 70 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1997 21 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1997 14 UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 44,000  
Adults (15-49) 41,000 Adult rate(%) 0.8
Women (15-49) 23,000  
Children (0-15) 3,100  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 3,500  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 17,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

HIV-1 and HIV-2 surveillance information on antenatal clinic women is available from Senegal since the mid-1980s. In Dakar, the capital, HIV-1 prevalence among antenatal clinic women was 1 percent or less for all years up to 1998. HIV prevalence rates among women attending ANC were 0.5 percent in 1998, 0.8 percent in 2001 and 1.1 percent in 2002. In 2002, the median HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics at 11 sites was 1.1 percent which was very similar to the observed rate in 2001 (0.9 percent)

Although, HIV-1 prevalence has remained very low among antenatal clinic women in Dakar, prevalence among sex workers has increased gradually from less than 1 percent in 1986 to 14 percent in 2002. HIV-1 prevalence among sex workers outside of Dakar, in Kaolack and Ziguinchor, continues to increase, from 0 percent in 1986 to over 20 percent in 2002.

Since 1989, HIV-1 prevalence among male STI clinic patients in Dakar increased from 1 percent to nearly 5 percent in 1993. In 2002, 4 percent of male STI clinic patients tested positive for HIV-1 or HIV-1+2.



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