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   CAMEROON - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Policy

A multisectoral approach is being developed under the leadership of the Minister of Health, who is also the Chair of the National AIDS Commission. Sectoral plans are in development. The current challenges in the country are: the implementation of the National Strategic Plan, improvement of absorption capacity, and finalisation of the sectoral plans.

Ministry of Public Health
Yaounde, Cameroon
Tel: +237 222 2901

Programme Nationale de Lutte contre le SIDA:
Contact person: Dr Léopold Zekeng
B.P. 13810, Yaoundé
Tel: +237 222 5758
Fax: +237 223 1653 / 222 4419

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. Sun Shine - Cameroon Network
    Contact person: Marie Mendene
    B.P. 12490, Douala
    Tel: +237 993 4302
    Fax: +237 343 2917
    Email:
    · HIV/AIDS education and awareness campaigns; support group services.

  2. AFSU - (Association des freres et soeurs unis)
    Contact person: Mr Antoine Fofou
    P.O. Box 25057, Yaounde
    Tel: +237 955 0094 / 991 4674
    Fax: +237 222 6258
    Email:
    · Home-based care; hospital visits; counselling; PWA care.

  3. AFASO - (Association des Femmes Actives et Solidaires)
    Contact person: Pauline Mounton
    B.P. 30645, Yaounde
    Tel: +237 986 7256 / 764 3263
    · Counselling; orphan-care; nutritional and medical support for PWAs.

  4. Hope Group
    Contact person: Gladys Njoben
    Tel: +237 348 1262 / 348 1490
    · Association of people living with HIV/AIDS.

  5. Unique Sisters
    Contact person: Elizebert Nkety / Deborah Elangwe
    P.O. Box 823 Limbe, S.W Province
    Tel: +237 952 2829
    · Support for HIV-positive women, information and education campaigns.

  6. Society for Women and AIDS in Africa - Cameroon
    Contact person: Professor Dora Mbanya
    P.O. Box 8046, Yaounde
    Tel: +237 231 4039
    Email:
    · Pre and post-test counselling; home and hospital visits; medical care; advocacy; awareness raising; research.

  7. Association of Positive Women - APOWA Cameroon
    Contact person: Linda Akere Njinda
    P.O. Box 619, Douala Littoral Province, Cameroon
    Tel: +237 987 3405
    Fax: +237 434 176
    Email:
    · Capacity building for HIV-positive women, information and education on living positively.

  8. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Madani Tall
    World Bank Representative
    B.P. 1128, Yaounde
    Tel: +237 220 3815 / 221 0836 / 220 3157
    Fax: +237 221 0722
    Email:

  9. UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: Dr Emmanuel Gnaore
    B.P. 12909, Yaounde
    Tel: +237 222 3036
    Mobile: +237 771 3761
    Fax: +237 222 3038
    Email:

  10. Cameroon Link - Human Assistance Programme
    Contact person: James Achanyi-Fontem
    P.O. Box 1460, Douala Littoral Province
    Tel: +237 339 1356 / 775 8840
    Fax: +237 339 1356
    Email:
    · Training; counselling; fund raising; communication; material support; newsletter. Serves as an umbrella organisation coordinating eight local community HIV/AIDS initiative Councils in Bonaberi neighbourhood of Douala.
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 16,296 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 1718 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 7708 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.4 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 51 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 3.39 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 34.7 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 17.6 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 730 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 48.1 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 4.7 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 91 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 155 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 1640 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 2.2 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 42 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 37.1 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 28.7 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 20.9 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 36.3 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 115 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 100 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1994 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 not available UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 560,000  
Adults (15-49) 520,000 Adult rate(%) 6.9
Women (15-49) 290,000  
Children (0-15) 43,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 49,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 240,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

HIV sentinel surveillance among women attending antenatal care (ANC) clinics was established in 1989. Between 1996-1999, sites were not used consistently, but sentinel surveillance among ANC women was reinforced in 2000 with 27 ANC sites covering all ten provinces. Data on HIV prevalence among the general population of people aged 15-49 years and sex workers were also collected in Yaoundé in 1997/1998 in the context of a four-city UNAIDS study.

In 2000, HIV prevalence among ANC attendees in 28 sites was 10.8%; HIV prevalence in Yaoundè was 11.2%.. The median HIV prevalence among young women aged 15-24 years was 11.9%, ranging from 7.5% in Littoral province to 19.6% in Adamawa province. Among women aged 15-19 years, the median HIV prevalence was 11.5%, ranging from 2.8% in Littoral province to 21.9% in Adamawa province.

In the Yaoundé study, women were more likely to be infected with HIV than men; HIV prevalence rates were 7.8% among women and 4.1% among men. HIV prevalence rates were much higher among young women than among men of the same age (3.4% and 0.0% for women and men aged 15-19 years respectively, and 9.3% and 1.4% among women and men aged 20-24 years respectively). HIV prevalence among sex workers tested in Yaoundè increased from 5.6% in 1990 to 45.3% in 1993 and declined to 34% in 1997/1998.



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