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  GHANA - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework

Completed. (Period 2001-2005)

National policies
  • Draft National AIDS Policy finalized and soon to be submitted to cabinet.
  • Workplace HIV policy being developed.

Ministry of Health
P.O. Box M44 Accra, Ghana
Tel: +233 21 666 151
Fax: +233 21 663 810

National AIDS Control Programme
Contatct person: Dr Addo
Tel: +233 21 678 458

  • This multi-sectoral body has been set up to direct, manage, coordinate, monitor and evaluate all activities in the fight against HIV/AIDS in the country. Specifically the objective of the commission is to reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS by 30 percent by 2005
  • HIV/AIDS Organisations:

    1. ActionAid Ghana
      P.O. Box AN19083
      Accra-North, Ghana
      Tel: +233 21 224 788
      Fax: +233 21 764 930
      Email: /
      · Implementing and supporting HIV/AIDS programme and activities within the northern part of Ghana and neighbouring border countries of Togo and Burkina Faso.

  • Care International
    Contact person: Samuel Duh
    P.O. Box C2487
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 226 001 / +228 263 610
    Fax: +233 21 764 547 / +228 264 084
    Email: /
    · Information; education; information provision; organisational support.
  • Friends for Life HIV/AIDS team
    Contact Person: Bro Bernard K. Sode - Director
    P.O. Box 9368
    Tel: +233 21 504 066
    Mobile: +233 27 718 2606
  • Ghana Assistance Programme
    AIDS Commision
    Contact person: Rodger Vanderpuije
    P.O. Box 7905
    Accra-North, Ghana
    Tel: +233 27 759 3037 / 024 3434 204
    Fax: +233 21 310 498
    · Advocacy on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria; care and support for orphans of HIV/AIDS patients; empowering the youth especially girls through vocational training.
  • HIV/AIDS Network (GHANET)
    Contact person: John Edem Hini
    P.O. Box LG760
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 500 851 / +233 21 783 923
    Fax: +233 21 774 821 / +233 21 776 725
    · A network of NGOs involved in AIDS programming, membership of the Network is between 400-600 through eight associations in the country. The chairman of GHANET also sits on the National AIDS Council.
  • Ghana AIDS Volunteers Association
    Contact person: Mame Pokouaa
    P.O. Box 19952, Accra-North
    Tel: +233 21 246 871
    Fax: +233 21 240 087
    · The association has been travelling to remote rural areas to create awareness and to provide home-based care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS.
  • GTZ Regional Aids Programme For Africa
    Contact person: Bob Verbruggen
    P.O. Box 9698 KA
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 763 941
    Fax: +233 21 763 440
    · Technical advice and support to transnational initiatives for HIV prevention; technical and financial support to NGOs; promotion of information exchange; creation of a network of consultants; documentation centre.
  • Mother Africa Association and Child Care Organisation (MACCO)
    Contact person: Frank Ablorh
    Tel: +233 21 716 951
    Fax: +233 21 712 414
    · MACCO has been involved in HIV/AIDS advocacy and education campaigns and provides help for people living with HIV/AIDS.
  • Save the Children Fund
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Programme
    Contact person: Vicky T. Okine
    P.O. Box C976, Cantonments
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 772 600/1
    Fax: +233 21 772 148
    Email: /
    · Education; prevention; information; work in partnership with local organisations with the view to building and strengthening their capacity in prevention work.
  • UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Mr Moses Mukasa
    UNFPA Representative
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 701 2068 / +233 21 773 890
    Fax: +233 21 773 899 / +233 21 772 829
  • UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: Dr Warren Naamara
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 238 256 / +233 21 254 594
    Fax: +233 21 254 595
    Mobile: +233 20 201 2324
  • West Africa Project To Combat AIDS and STI
    Contact person: Dr Nzambi Khondé
    P.O. Box 710 Achimota
    Accra, Ghana
    Tel: +233 21 241 452
    Fax: +233 21 233 340
    · Supports a number of basic health services located in underprivileged urban areas, in areas and places of prostitution and along migratory routes. Activities centre on personnel training and STD control, particularly by ensuring access to essential drugs, by providing training, and by supporting community organisations.
  • Youth for Action Organisation (YAO)
    Contact person: Paul Kwasi Mensah
    P.O. Box 548, Akim Oda, Ghana
    Tel: +233 882 2665
    Email: /
    · YAO has been involved in creating awareness and encouraging prevention of HIV/AIDS among youth. Using peer group education and counselling, they are spearheading the project "Youth Against AIDS".
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 21,377 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 2314 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 10697 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.4 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 45.1 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 3.22 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 31.2 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 9.9 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 540 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 57.6 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 4.2 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 62 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 105 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 2000 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 2.6 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 60 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as %of total expenditure on health 2001 59.6 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 28.4 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 19.7 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 36.8 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 84 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 76 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1991 40 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1991 32 UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 350,000  
Adults (15-49) 320,000 Adult rate(%) 3.1
Women (15-49) 180,000  
Children (0-15) 24,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 30,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 170,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

Sentinel surveillance among women attending antenatal care clinics has been conducted on an annual basis. Since 1994, the surveillance system has included two antenatal care clinic sites (one urban area, one semi-urban) in all ten regions of the country.

In 2002, HIV prevalence was only slightly higher in the four sites in Accra (4.1%) than in the ten regional towns (3.4%) and the sites outside the regional towns (3.2%). HIV prevalence at Agomanya antenatal care clinic in the Eastern region was 7.0% in 2002, higher than at most sites elsewhere in Ghana. HIV prevalence is lowest in the three regions in the northern part of Ghana, followed by the central and southern regions.

HIV-1 is the predominant infecting agent (92.2% of cases), while 7.4% of cases are dual infections with HIV-1 and HIV-2, and only 0.5% of all infections in 2002 were with HIV-2 alone. The trend in HIV prevalence from 1994 to 2002 among all antenatal care clinic sites in Ghana shows that prevalence fluctuates with no clear pattern.

In 1999, a survey of sex workers in Tema and Accra found a HIV prevalence of 74.2% among the "seater" streetbased sex workers, and 27.2% among the home-based "roamer" sex workers, findings similar to those observed in 1997/98. In Kumasi, prevalence among sex workers was very high (82%) in 1999.

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