IRIN PlusNews HIV/AIDS News and information service | Country Profile | DRC

top
Sunday 7 May 2006
Home About PlusNews Country Profiles News Briefs Special Reports Subscribe Archive IRINnews
 

   DRC - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Programme against AIDS (Programme National de Lutte Contre le Sida)
Contact person: Dr Francois Lepira
B.P. 5806, Kinshasa
Tel: +243 88 016 44
Fax: +243 88 436 75
Email:

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. Espoir Vie et Solidarite
    Contact person: Dominique Mbuyi
    Rue Bukeye No. 5 Matonge / Kalamu
    Kinshasa 6164 Kin 6
    Tel: +243 98 41 27 45
    Email: /
    ˇ Support of orphaned and vulnerable children and their families; fund raising; awareness.

  2. Central Network of AIDS Service Organisations (CANASO)
    Contact person: Henri Mukumbi
    B.P. 9030, Kinshasa
    Tel: +243 68 57 01
    Email:
    ˇ Network of the 9 HIV/AIDS national networks in the 9 Central African countries: Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Tchad. Its mission is to enhance the community response to HIV/AIDS in Central Africa by promoting the development and existence of sustainable and effective country networks that provide leadership and capacity building in advocacy, programme development, and enhanced greater involvement of people living with HIV and AIDS.

  3. Association Femmes Plus
    Contact person: Philomene Wenge
    B.P. 12605, Kinshasa 1
    Tel: +243 99 111 62 / 98 20 22 69
    Fax: +243 88 436 75
    Email: / /
    ˇ Medical care; advice; training; home and hospital visits; counselling; advocacy and awareness raising; material support; income generation.

  4. Society for Women and AIDS in Africa (SWAA) - DRC
    Contact person: Aimé Mwadi Kadi
    B.P. 2556, Kinshasa 1
    Tel: +243 88 008 40
    ˇ Training; home and hospital visits; counselling; advocacy and awareness raising.

  5. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Dr Pierre Somse
    WHO Representative
    Kinshasa, DRC
    Tel: +243 81 882 36 17
    Email:

  6. UNAIDS Country Programme Adviser
    Contact person: Dr. Pierre Somse
    Tel: +243 99 056 76
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 54,417 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 5500 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 24222 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.4 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 31.5 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 4.43 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 50 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 20.6 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 990 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 43.5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 6.7 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 127 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 212 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 580 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 0.2 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 12 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 44.4 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 38.6
Adult male illiteracy rate 26.9 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 49.8 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 not available UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1994 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 not available UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 1,100,000  
Adults (15-49) 1,000,000 Adult rate(%) 4.2
Women (15-49) 570,000  
Children (0-15) 110,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 100,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 770,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

Although a system of HIV sentinel surveillance among women attending antenatal care clinics was established in 1985, sentinel surveys have not been conducted regularly and sites have not been used consistently. Efforts are ongoing to strengthen surveillance.

In women attending ANCs in 2002, HIV prevalence ranged from 3.0% in Kinshasa to 4.4% in Mbuji-Mayi. In the 1999 sentinel surveillance, HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics ranged from 0.6% in Mikalayi to 8.6 % in Sendwe. HIV prevalence rates among women attending antenatal care clinics in Kinshasa were 6.9% in 1985, 5.7% in 1987, 10.8% in 1992 and 5.4% in 1999. From 1992 to 1999, HIV prevalence rates in Kisangani remained between 3.0% and 5.6%. In Mbuji-Mayi, HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics was 6.3% in 1997 and 4.8% in 2002. However, prevalence rates seem to be increasing in Lubumbashi, from 2.7% in 1989 to 4.7% in 1997, and to 8.5% in 1999.

HIV prevalence rates among sex workers in Kinshasa have fluctuated between 26.8% in 1985, 38.0% in 1989, 29.0% in 1997 and 22.2% in 2002.



Return to map

Other Country Profiles


[Back] [Home Page]

Click here to send any feedback, comments or questions you have about IRIN's Website or if you prefer you can send an Email to Webmaster

Copyright © IRIN 2006
The material contained on www.IRINnews.org comes to you via IRIN, a UN humanitarian news and information service, but may not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies.
All IRIN material may be reposted or reprinted free-of-charge; refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use. IRIN is a project of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.