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  SUDAN - Country Profile Updated: January 2007  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework Status

National Strategic Plan 2003 - 2007 has been drawn up.

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. Federal Ministry of Health
    Khartoum, Sudan
    Tel: +249 183 435450
    Fax: +249 183 435449

  2. Sudan National AIDS Control Programme
    Contact person: Dr Mohamed Ahmed Abdel Hafeez Programme Manager
    Tel: +249 912 356 655
    Fax: +249 183 435 449
    E-mail:
    Prevention; epidemiologic monitoring; control, diagnosis and monitoring of STIs, HIV/AIDS.

  3. Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) - South Sudan
    Contact person: Chris Smoot
    121 Riverside Drive PO Box 14756
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 443 936
    E-mail:
    · Education, Emergencies, Nutrition, Health.

  4. Norwegian Church AID (NCA)
    Contact person: Stein Villumstad
    P.O. Box 52802, 00200 City Square
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 608 283/4 / +254 2 608 508 / +254 2 608 267
    Fax: +254 20 608 511
    E-mail:
    Website: www.nca.no
    · Support; information; education; prevention.

  5. Society for Women and AIDS in Africa - Sudan
    Contact person: Fathia Mahmoud
    E-mail: /
    · Advocacy for women and children affected by HIV/AIDS; community mobilization.

  6. SPLM Health Secretariat
    Contact person: Dr Bellario Ahoy Ngong, chief health officer
    P.O. Box 10114/00100 GPO Nairobi
    Tel: +254 20 2562840
    E-mail:
    · Overall policy and supervision of the health system in Southern Sudan.

  7. UNICEF - Operation Lifeline Sudan
    P.O. Box 44145
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 621 234
    E-mail:

  8. UNAIDS Country Co-ordinator
    Contact person: Musa Bungudu
    Tel: +249 11 773 121
    Fax: +249 11 783 764
    E-mail:

    Contact person: Hind Hassan, Partnership Advisor
    Tel: +249 11 773121
    Fax: +249 11 783764
    E-mail:

  9. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Dr Guido Sabatinelli
    WHO Representative
    Tel: +249 11 776471
    Fax: +249 11 776282
    E-mail:

Sources:
The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
The World Bank
World Health Organization
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 34,333 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 3,306 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 16,866 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.3 UN population division database
% of population in urban areas 2003 38.4 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 4.6 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 32 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 2004 11.6 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 590 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 57 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 4.4 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 71 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 110 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 1,690 World Bank
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 8.3 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 39 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 18.7 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 42.3 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 30.8 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 53.8 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 64 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 2000/2001 54 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 2000/2001 not available UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 400,000  
Adults (15-49) 380,000 Adult rate(%) 2.3
Women (15-49) 220,000  
Children (0-15) 21,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 23,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

In October, 2002, the results of an epidemiologic survey conducted among 7,385 individuals in 11 of the 16 states, involving a number of groups at varying risk of infection. were reported*. Persons tested included Sudanese and nonSudanese, and the seroprevalence among Sudanese was 1.6%. Of 3,355 women in ANC care, 30 (1.0%) were infected. Of 367 Sudanese sex workers, 16 (4.4%) were infected. Lesser prevalences were found among prisoners (4 of 200, 2.0%), soldiers (2 of 377, 0.5%), those with STDs (4 of 362, 1.1%), university students (4 of 369, 1.1%)and TB patients (6 of 367, 1.6%). The Sudan National AIDS Control Program HIV surveillance system indicates the large majority of infections are acquired via heterosexual transmission, and this survey showed levels of awareness of HIV/AIDS and means to protect onself from becoming infected were poor.

Previous HIV prevalence surveys have occurred among pregnant women, with prevalences as high as 2.94% in 1997, indicating regional variation in ANC prevalences. Although the 2002 report did not include blood donors, HIV rates among blood donors increased from 0.15% in 1993 to 1.4% in 1999 and 2000 respectively.

*Sudan National AIDS Control Program, Federal Ministry of Health, Situation Analysis: Behavioural and Epidemiologic Surveys and Response Analysis, October 2002.



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