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  NIGERIA - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework Status
HIV/AIDS Emergency Action Plan (HEAP) 20002003 has elapsed and a review of the HEAP is being planned in the context of the participatory development of the new National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework 20052009.

National policies
  • HIV/AIDS policy in health sector and military.
  • A new National Policy has been developed.

Ministry of Health:
Tel: +234 9 523 8190

National AIDS Programme:
Tel: +234 9 523 8950

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. Association Of Students Against AIDS
    Contact person: Victor Ofen-Imu
    P.O. Box 713, Benin City
    Edo State, Nigeria
    HIV/AIDS education in university and in secondary schools across Nigeria.

  2. Centre for Adolescent Research Education and Sexuality (CARES)
    Microbicide Advocacy Network
    Warri Clinic
    Contact person: Bode-law Faleyimu
    KM 4 New Port Expressway
    PMB 1244, Warri
    Delta State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 5 325 4254 Ext 4480 / +234 1 260 0600 Ext 2363
    Fax: +234 1 260 0395
    Multi disciplinary research into social and medical problems facing adolescent; community based reproductive health information; training, advocacy and reproductive health care for youth; documentation centre; risk reduction programmes at oil industry locations and surrounding communities; research into women controlled options especially Microbicides and community-based vaccine trial education.

  3. Center For Health, Education And Development Communication, The (CHEDCOM)
    Contact person: Wumi Sina Falana
    P.O. Box 10382
    Ikeja Post Office, Ikeja
    Lagos, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 1 470 2486
    Fax: +234 1 492 5675
    Implementation and monitoring of programmes on reproductive health, HIV and population for purposes of awareness raising and information dissemination; design and distribution of IEC materials; peer education training; counselling; campaigns and seminars; public education; community mobilisation and advocacy.

  4. Center For The Right To Health
    Contact person: Stella Iwuagwu
    Executive Director
    P.O. Box 6383, Shomolu
    Lagos, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 1 774 3816
    Fax: +234 1 497 9467
    Research and mobilisation; counselling; care and support; legal services and economic empowerment for PWAs.

  5. Christian Health Association Of Nigeria
    P.O. Box 29133
    Ibadan Oyo, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 2 310 4483
    Primary health care services.

  6. Civil Society Consultative Group on HIV/AIDS in Nigeria (CISCGHAN)
    Tel: +234 803 787 1337
    Email: /

  7. Family And Adolescent Health Initiative (FAHI)
    Contact person: Amechi Nweze, Executive Director
    P.O. Box 13464
    Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 7 345 5454
    Adolescent sexuality and reproductive health; outreach programmes on HIV/AIDS awareness; prevention; home care services; behavioural interventions; community health education; training of health care providers; research; counselling and library services for health personnel.

  8. Family Health International (FHI)
    Contact person: Olufemi Oke
    18 A/B Temple Road
    Off Pa Alfred Rewane Road
    Ikoyi, Lagos State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 1 267 0361
    Fax: +234 1 260 0021
    Implementing HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support; providing programmatic and technical support to develop capacity of partners in the public and private sectors; committed to improving the quality of life by reducing HIV infections.

  9. Global Health & Awareness Research Foundation (GHARF)
    Contact person: Obioma Nwaorgu
    S34 Chief Edward Nnaji Park
    New Haven
    Enugu, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 42 25 8078
    Fax: +234 42 25 0836
    Information dissemination of sexuality and reproductive health issues including prevention, treatment and care; development of peer educators; skill training for women and adolescents.

  10. Health & Community Development Initiative
    Contact person: Chijioke Okoro
    45 Barracks Road
    Agbagwu, Arochukwu
    Abia State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 803 339 5337
    Advocacy on reproductive health; research and implementation; sustainable empowerment activities.

  11. Journalists against AIDS (JAAIDS) Nigeria
    Media Resource Centre on HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health
    Contact person: Omololu Falobi
    P.O. Box 56282, Falomo
    Lagos, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 1 773 1457
    Fax: +234 1 812 8565
    Email: /
    Media training; documentation and resource centre; research and analysis; information networking on HIV/AIDS; seminars and workshops; information technology services to journalists and NGOs; policy advocacy.

  12. Life Vanguards Nigeria
    Contact person: Oluwole Odutolu
    P.O. Box 2182, Osogbo
    Osun State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 35 243 552 / +234 35 242 738
    Fax: +234 35 243 552
    Adolescent sexual and reproductive health; prevention; sexuality education; HIV education and condom negotiation skills for sexually active youth.

  13. Living Hope Organization
    Contact person: Jude Chidi Munaonye
    P.M.B 7215, Umuahia
    Abia State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 803 548 2398 / +234 805 593 1405
    Voluntary Counseling and Testing; Education; Advocacy; Care & Support services; Home Base Care and Ressource centre.

  14. Network of PLWHAs in Nigeria (NEPWHAN)
    Contact person: Pat O Matemilola
    2, Lafia Close, Off Ilorin Street
    Area 8, Garki
    Abuja, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 9 234 9281 / +234 9 671 0755
    Fax: +234 9 234 5238
    Email: /
    PWAs enlightenment; prevention of further spread of HIV; mitigation of impact of HIV and AIDS on PWAs.

  15. AIDS Alliance in Nigeria (AAN)
    Contact person: Mohammed Farouk
    26, Igbosere Rd, Lagos
    Tel: +234 1 260 00 47 / +234 803 304 6972
    Advocacy; counselling; self-help.

  16. Nigeria Youth AIDS Programme
    9, Adebola Street,
    Off Adeniran Ogunsanya Street,
    Surulere, Lagos
    Tel: +234 87 231 823

  17. Redeemed Christian Church Of God/Redeemed AIDS Programme Action Committee
    Contact person: Laide Adenuga
    Redemption Camp
    RAPAC, International Office
    Km 46, Lagos - Ibadan Expressway
    Tel: +234 1 773 7298 / +234 1 774 7742
    Adolescent and reproductive health; advocacy; STI and HIV prevention; care and support.

  18. Society For Women And AIDS In Africa (SWAAA)
    Contact person: Patricia Nzegwu
    P.O. Box 1700 Surulere
    Lagos State, Nigeria
    Tel: +234 1 583 7618
    Fax: +234 1 583 7618
    Email: /
    AIDS education; youth programme; counselling and HBC programme; sex workers programme; production of IEC materials.

    P.O. Box 5052 Murtala, Mohammed Int'l Airport, Ikeja, Lagos
    Tel: +234 1 263 5219
    Fax: +234 1 263 5219

  20. Hope Worldwide Nigeria
    Contact person: Ola Clement
    18, Rasaq Balogun Str,
    Surulere, Lagos
    Tel: +234 803 201 1659

  21. GHAIN
    Contact person: Robert Chiegil
    Tel: +234 803 561 5573

  22. National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA)
    Contact person: Prof Osotimehin - Chairman
    Plot 823, Ralph Shodehinde Street,
    Central Area, Abuja
    Tel: +234 803 315 4600
    Tel: +234 9 290 4413 / +234 9 290 4411

  23. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Dr Mohammed Belhocine
    Tel: +234 1 773 5533 / 1 582 1614
    Fax: +234 1 2878 0744

  24. UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: P'ierre M'pele
    Tel: +234 9 461 8588
    Fax: +234 9 413 7828
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 127,117 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 12810 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 58559 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.8 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 46.2 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 4.35 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 38.3 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 13.7 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 800 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 48.8 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 5.5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 103 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 183 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 780 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 -3.1 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 31 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as %of total expenditure on health 2001 23.2 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 36 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 27.8 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 43.9 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 not available UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1994 not available UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1994 not available UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 3,600,000  
Adults (15-49) 3,300,000 Adult rate(%) 5.4
Women (15-49) 1,900,000  
Children (0-15) 290,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 310,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 1,800,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

HIV seroprevalence information among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees is available since the mid-1980s from Nigeria. However, reporting from more than one or two sites per year did not begin until 1992. By 1993-1994 ten major urban sites reported HIV prevalence among ANC women. By 1988-1990, 1 percent of ANC women tested in Lagos were HIV positive. Among sites in major urban areas, median HIV prevalence reached 4 percent by 1993-1994 and stayed at that level in 1999 and 2001. Prevalence among 16 sites in 2001 ranged from 1 percent in Lagos (Ikeja) to 14 percent in Abuja (Nyanya).

By 1991-1992, 20 sites from ten states outside of the major urban areas reported HIV prevalence from sentinel surveillance of antenatal women. The number of sites increased to 69 sites in 2001 and then to 125 in 2003. Median HIV prevalence among ANC women tested at these sites increased from less than 1 percent in 1991-1992 to 4.6 percent in 2003.
Prevalence among 125 sites in 2003 ranged from no evidence of infection in 10 sites to over 10 percent in 12 sites with 17 percent HIV prevalence in antenatal women tested in Badagry, Lagos.

HIV prevalence among 15-24 year old women was 5.7 in 1999, 5.9 in 2001 and 5.4 in 2003.

Testing of sex workers in Lagos began in 1988-1989. Two percent of sex workers tested at that time were HIV positive and increased to 15 percent in 1993. Median HIV prevalence among 7 sites in 1994 and 3 sites in 1995 was 29 percent and 33 percent, respectively. In 1996, 31 percent of sex workers tested in Lagos were HIV positive.

In 1986-1987, less than 1 percent of sex workers tested in Maiduguri in Borno State were HIV positive; by 1989-1990, 4 percent of sex workers tested HIV positive. In 1992, 14 sites outside of the major urban centers were reporting information on HIV prevalence among sex workers. At that time, a median of 11.5 percent of sex workers tested were HIV positive. The prevalence among these sites ranged from no evidence of HIV infection to 52 percent of sex workers tested. By 1995, median prevalence among 17 sites was 24 percent. Prevalence ranged from no evidence of infection to 68 percent of sex workers tested. In 1996, median HIV prevalence was 55 percent for 2 sites.

In major urban areas from 1992 to 1995, median HIV prevalence among STD clinic patients tested ranged from 1 percent to 6 percent. Median HIV prevalence from 22 sites outside of the major urban areas was 7 percent in 1993-1994. From 20 sites in 1995, median HIV prevalence was 12.5 percent among STD clinic patients tested. HIV prevalence ranged from 1 percent to 70 percent of STD clinic patients tested in 1995.

In 2000, 11 percent of soldiers tested in an unspecified area were HIV positive. In 1993-1994, 4 percent of long distance truck drivers tested in Anambra State were HIV positive.

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