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Friday 29 September 2006
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  RWANDA - Country Profile Updated: March 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework

The National Strategic Framework (2002-2006) is being implemented, and the Ministries of Youth and Sports, Defence, and Education have developed HIV/AIDS programmes.

Ministry of Health

Dr Ben Karenzi
PO Box 84 Kigali
Tel: +250 577 458
Fax: +250 577 458
Email:

National Commission against HIV/AIDS (CNLS)
Contact person: Agnes Binagwaho
Tel: +250 582 018
Fax: +250 583 325
Email:

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. Africare
    Contact person: Jean-Baptiste Ntakirutimana
    B.P. 137 Kigali
    Tel: +250 577 484
    Fax: +250 585 196
    Email:

  2. Association of Support for People Living with HIV/AIDS (ANSP+)
    Contact person: Dorothy Wibabara
    PO Box 6384 Kigali
    Tel: +250 08521671
    Email:

  3. Protection and Care of Families Against HIV/AIDS (PACFA) Project
    Tel: +250 59062048
    Fax: +250 511 620
    Email:
    Website: www.pacfa.rw
    Prevention campaigns; family support - PMTCT; advocacy and resource mobilisation.

  4. Population Services International - Rwanda
    B.P. 3040 Kigali
    Tel: +250 503 481 / +250 503 482
    Fax: +250 503 478
    Email:
    Prevention campaigns, condom distribution, advocacy.

  5. Society for Women and AIDS in Africa (SWAA) Rwanda
    Contact person: Christine Kibiriti
    BP 5196 Kigali
    Tel: +250 501 303
    Fax: +250 501 303
    Email:
    Website: www.swaainternational.org

  6. Treatment and Research AIDS Centre (TRAC)
    Contact person: Dr Etienne Karita
    Tel: +250 578 472
    Fax: +250 576 853
    Email:

  7. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS
    Contact person: Bintou Keita
    Tel: +250 590 405
    Fax: +250 573 024
    Email:

  8. UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: Dirk Van Hove
    Tel: +250 510 623
    Fax: +250 510 622
    Email:
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 8,481 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 969 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 3,925 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 3.2 UN population division database
% of population in urban areas 2003 17.7 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 11.6 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 43.9 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 2004 21.6 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 1400 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 44 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 5.8 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 111 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 182 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 1,210 World Bank
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 6.3 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 44 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 55.5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 33.2 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 26.4 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 39.6 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 119 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 2000/2001 118 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 14 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 2000/2001 14 UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 250,000  
Adults (15-49) 230,000 Adult rate(%) 5.1
Women (15-49) 130,000  
Children (0-15) 22,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 22,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 160,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

HIV information among antenatal clinic attendees is available from Rwanda since the late 1980s. In Kigali, the major urban area, 32 percent of antenatal clinic attendees tested in 1988 were HIV positive. HIV prevalence has ranged between 25 and 33 percent among antenatal clinic attendees in Kigali through 1995. In 2002, the sentinel surveillance program expanded to 5 urban sites. In 2003, HIV prevalence in Kigali among antenatal clinic women tested was 16 percent. Median prevalence in the other urban sites was 6.2

Outside of the major urban areas, HIV prevalence among antenatal clinic attendees ranged from 3 to 9 percent between 1991 and 1996. In 2002, sentinel surveillance was expanded to 12 rural sites. In 2003 median prevalence among pregnant women tested was 2.8 percent, ranging from 1.1 percent to 5.5 percent.

There is no information on HIV prevalence among sex workers in Rwanda.

Information on HIV prevalence among male STD clinic patients is available from Kigali since 1985. HIV prevalence reached 56 percent among male STD clinic patients tested in 1990 and 74 percent among female patients. In 1996, 42 percent of STD clinic patients tested at two sites in Kigali were HIV positive. Outside major urban areas, 42 percent of STD clinic patients tested in Kabgayi and 13 percent in Ruli were HIV positive.



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