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  KENYA - Country Profile Updated: February 2007  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework
Status

Completed for the period 2000-2005.

National policies
  • HIV/AIDS recognized as national threat to poverty alleviation and economic recovery strategies.
  • Poverty Reduction Strategy Plan (PRSP) (2002) has references to the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
  • National Development Plan 2003-2007.

Ministry of Health
Contact person: Dr. Hezron O. Nyangito, permanent secretary
P.O. Box 30016
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +20 27 17 077
Fax: + 20 27 23 234

National AIDS and STD Control Programme (NASCOP):
Tel: +254 2 555 977

National AIDS Control Council
Contact person: Dr Patrick Orege
P.O. Box 61307
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +254 202 711 261
Fax: +254 202 711 072

  • Provides the policy and strategic framework for mobilisation and coordination of resources in HIV prevention programs and in the provision of care and support for infected and affected people
  • HIV/AIDS Organisations:

    1. National AIDS Control Council
      Contact person: Prof. Alloys Orago, director
      P.O. Box 61307-00200
      Nairobi, Kenya
      Tel: +20 271 51 09 or 271 12 61
      Fax: +20 271 12 31

  • AIDSETI, Kenya
    Contact person: Dorothy Onyango
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 02 217 039
    E-mail:
  • ActionAid Kenya
    Kenya Head Office - Nairobi
    2nd Floor AACC Building, Waiyaki Way,
    P.O. Box 42814
    00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 020 444 0440/4/9
    Fax: +254 020 444 5843
    E-mail:
    Website: www.actionaid.org
  • African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF)
    Contact person: Daraus Bukenya
    P.O. Box 30125, Nairobi
    Tel: +254 20 699 300
    Fax: +254 20 606 340
    E-mail:
    Website: www.kenya.amref.org
    · Control of HIV, TB and STIs, clinical outreach services, development of health learning materials, training and undertaking of consultancies.
  • The Association of People with AIDS in Kenya, (TAPWAK)
    Contact person: Rowlands G. Lenya
    P.O. Box 30583-00100
    G.P.O. Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel/Fax: +254 20 603 421
    E-mail:
    · Education; training; counselling; formation of AIDS Club in schools; income generating activities for women; orphan support; day care programmes and distribution of education materials.
  • Centre for African Family Studies (CAFS)
    Contact person: Aloys Ilinigumugabo
    P.O. Box 60054
    00200 Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 4 448 618
    Fax: +254 20 4 448 621
    E-mail:
    Website: www.cafs.org
    · Skills and capacity building in reproductive health; training; technical assistance; networking; partnership development for sharing information and enhancing collaboration; conference and consultancy services; research.
  • Eastern and Southern Africa Counselling Association (ESACA)
    Contact person: D.H. Balmer
    P.O. Box 39086
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 786 310 / +254 2 796 283
    Fax: +254 2 786 310
    E-mail:
    Website: www.esaca.or.ke
    · Promotes networking; coordination of standards of counselling; workshops; training; capacity building of counsellors.
  • Family Health International (FHI)
    HIV/AIDS Prevention & Care Dept.
    Contact person: John McWilliam
    P.O. Box 38835
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 713 911/9
    Fax: +254 20 726 130
    E-mail:
    Website: www.fhi.org
    · Research studies; capacity building; prevention programmes; training and education of country researchers, service providers, programme managers and health communicators; scientific publishing; information dissemination.
  • Global Network Of People Living With HIV/AIDS (GNP+)
    African Secretariat NAP+
    Contact person: Michael Angaga
    P.O. Box 30218
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 228 776
    Fax: +254 2 251 324
    E-mail:
    Website: www.naprap.org
  • Grace Centre International
    Contact person: Julius Murang’a Gichure
    Dept of Health and Medicine, HIV/AIDS
    P.O. Box 2682
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 722 834 712
    Fax: +254 20 317 617
    E-mail:
    Website: www.intergrance.freeservers.com
    · HIV/AIDS care and support; empowerment of PWAs and orphans; advocacy; awareness and prevention; stigma and discrimination reduction; VCT and counselling.
  • International Community for the Relief of Starvation and Suffering (ICROSS-KENYA)
    HIV/AIDS Unit
    Contact person: W Nyambati
    P.O. Box 507, Ngong Hills
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 030 340 022/40189
    Mobile: +254 72 511 642
    Fax: +254 2 742 938
    E-mail:
    Website: www.kenyaweb.com/icross
    · HIV education; prevention programmes for high risk groups; health clinics; training of health workers and home care for AIDS patients; aids orphans; applied operational epidemiology; cultural anthropology of AIDS; STD control through peer groups; capacity building.
  • Kenya AIDS And Drugs Alliance (KADA)
    P.O. Box 1876, 0200 City Square
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 315 524 / +254 20 217 660
    Fax: +254 20 248 390
    E-mail:
    · Information and education forums on HIV treatments and herbal medicine; advocacy and lobbying for treatment access; awareness; counselling and testing; income generating projects; resources centre; home based care and hospital visits.
  • Kenya AIDS Intervention/Prevention Project Group (KAIPPG)
    Contact person: James A. Onyango
    Physical Address: Mosacco Plaza, Mumias
    P.O. Box 2448
    Kakamega 50100, Kenya
    Tel: +254 056 641 004
    E-mail:
    Website: www.kaippg.org
    · Communities based projects, support for individuals and their families; rehabilitation of malnourished children; training of AIDS widows in proper nutrition and the care of vulnerable children; training of healthcare workers in home-based care for people living with AIDS.
  • Kenya AIDS NGO Consortium (KANCO)
    Contact person: Allan Ragi
    P.O. Box 69866-00400
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 202 717 664 / +254 202 715 008
    Fax: +254 202 714 837
    E-mail:
    Website: www.kanco.org
    · Leading national HIV/AIDS network in Kenya; building capacity of civil society organizations to respond to HIV/AIDS; involvement in policy development and advocacy; grant making and grant management; provision of practical HIV/AIDS information and documentation of community responses; media and workplace education; prevention, care and support.
  • Kenya Aids Watch Institute (KAWI)
    Contact person: Edward Karanja
    P.O. Box 10013
    00100 GPO
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 726 083
    Fax: +254 2 726 613
    E-mail:
    Website: www.kenyaaidsinstitute.org
    · Monitoring organization established to gather and disseminate objective information and critical analysis of the effectiveness and relevance of all the current and future anti-HIV/AIDS programmes.
  • Kenya Evangelical Lutheran Church
    Contact person: Britt Thorell
    P.O. Box 54128
    002 00 Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 780 454
    Fax: +254 20 780 454
    E-mail:
    Website: www.kelc.org.ke
    · Prevention; awareness; information; education; policy and strategic plan for HIV/AIDS work that puts the issue of AIDS on top of the church's agenda.
  • Kenya Network of Women with AIDS (KENWA)
    Contact person: Ms Asunta Wagura, executive director
    City Gate House, 2nd Floor
    Murang’a Road
    P.O Box 10001-00100
    Nairobi
    Tel: +254 20 676 6677
    Fax: +254 20 676 0970
    Mobile: +254 72 267 7122
    · Advocacy; support; self-help; counselling.
  • Kenya Voluntary Women Rehabilitation Centre
    Contact person: Elizabeth N. Ngugi
    P.O. Box 21419
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 718 895
    Fax: +254 20 712 007
    E-mail:
    · Education; counselling; prevention; advice; information; homecare; care of orphans; social and vocational training; credit facility for sex workers; care of child prostitutes and abused children.
  • Mathare Youth Sport Association
    Contact person: Peter Serry
    P.O. Box 69038
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 763 614
    Fax: +254 20 763 614
    E-mail:
    Website: www.mysakenya.org
    · Education; advocacy; support services; training of peers educators; education directed to youth and people in the Mathare slums.
  • Network Of African People Living with HIV/AIDS (NAP+)
    Contact person: Michael Angaga
    P.O. Box 30218
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 228 776
    Fax: +254 2 312 888
    E-mail:
    Website: www.naprap.org
    · Represents the needs of people living with HIV/AIDS; peer education; support and information services; lobbying for access to effective treatments and services.
  • Network of people with HIV/AIDS in Kenya (NEPHAK)
    Tel: +254 2 729 502/29
    Fax: +254 2 729 504
    E-mail:
  • Norwegian Church Aid (NCA)
    Contact person: Peter Mbae Njogu, programme co-ordinator
    P.O.Box 52802, Wilson Airport
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 20 608 283/608 284/608 508
    Fax: +254 20 608 511
    E-mail:
    Website: www.nca.no
    · Support; advice; information; education; prevention.
  • Orphans Development Programme International
    Contact person: Kathleen Okatcha
    P.O. Box 66043
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: +254 2 441 872 / +254 2 441 255
    E-mail:
    Website: http://odpi.wertsoft.com
    · Promotes care and support for children living in difficult circumstances, their foster families and communities in Africa.
  • Women Fighting AIDS in Kenya (WOFAK)
    Tel: +254 020 273 0952
    Fax: +254 020 272 5455
    E-mail:
    Website: www.wofak.org.ke
  • UNAIDS Country Co-ordinator
    Contact person: Erasmus Morah
    Block Q, Room 119
    UN Gigiri complex
    Nairobi
    E-mail:
  • UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Heimo Laakkonen, UNICEF
    UN Gigiri Complex
    Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel.: +254 20 622 045
    Fax: +254 20 621 093
    E-mail:
  • Sources:
    The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
    The World Bank
    World Health Organization
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
    United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
    The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 32,420 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 3929 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 16356 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.3 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 38.8 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 4.42 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 31.8 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 17.3 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 1000 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 50.9 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 4.1 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 79 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 113 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 990 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 -11.2 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 114 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 21.4 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 17.6 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 11.1 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 24 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 95 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1995 93 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1995 39 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1995 36 UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 1,200,000  
Adults (15-49) 1,100,000 Adult rate(%) 6.7
Women (15-49) 720,000  
Children (0-15) 100,000  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 150,000  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 650,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

In 2002, 34 antenatal care clinic sites participated in the HIV sentinel surveillance system. These sites were distributed all over the country and more than half of them were in rural areas. Sentinel surveillance is repeated annually, although only certain sites have been used consistently since the system was established in the late 1980s.

In 2002, the prevalence was 14.3% in urban areas and 6.3% outside urban areas. In 2002, the highest prevalence rate of 35% was reported in Suba, while in Bamba, Kalulumo and Kilifi the rate was 4%. HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics in Nairobi declined from 24.6% in 1995 to 14.7% in 1999, and to 14.4% in 2001. In Mombasa, HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics fluctuated between 12.2% and 16.3%, and was 14.2% in 2002. HIV prevalence in Kisumu has been fluctuating with the highest prevalence measured in 2000 (35.0%).

According to the population-based study in Kisumu in 1997/1998, young women were more likely to be infected than men of the same age. Among women aged 15-19 years, HIV prevalence was 23.0%, compared to 3.5% among men of the same age.

Recent DHS in 2003 found an overall prevalence of 6.7% with an increase in differences among urban (10%) versus rural residents (5.6%). As is the case in many African countries, HIV prevalence in Kenya is higher among women (8.7%), than among men 4.5%.



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