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ETHIOPIA - Country Profile Updated: Feb 2005

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework
Status

Completed. (Period 2001-2005)

National policies
  • A National HIV/AIDS policy guides implementation of programmes.
  • Constitutional articles, especially outlining the rights of women and children, back the policy.

Ministry of Health
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 517 011

National AIDS Council
Contact person: Negato Mereke
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 159 988
Fax: +251 1 519 366

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. Actionaid Ethiopia
    P.O. Box 1261
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 654 671/76
    Email:
    Home-based care; orphan care; voluntary counselling and testing; PWA support.

  2. African AIDS Initiative International
    Contact person: Elleni Gebreamlak
    P.O. Box 5565
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 535 225
    Fax: +251 1 535 228
    Email: /
    Website: www.africanaidsinitiative.org
    Education; outreach; testing; counselling; research and support services.

  3. Afar Mothers and Child Care Organization
    P.O. Box 888
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 123 048
    Email:
    Family Planning; care of orphans; income generating activities.

  4. Aids Resource Centre
    Contact person: Ato Gashaw Mengistu
    P.O. Box 26171
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 503 584
    Fax: +251 1 503 749
    Email:
    Website: www.etharc.org
    Resource and information centre.

  5. Care Ethiopia
    P.O. Box 4710
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 653 900
    Email:
    Home-based care; paediatric AIDS research; voluntary counselling and testing; information education and counselling.

  6. Centro Volontari Marchigiani
    Contact person: Kibret Shiferaw
    P.O. Box 8429
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 163 409 / +251 1 655 602
    Fax: +251 1 655 600 / +251 1 163 409
    Email:
    Information; education; STD control; blood safety services; education/training; clinical care; counselling.

  7. Children Aid-Ethiopia (CHAD-ET)
    Contact person: Ato Anannia Admassu
    P.O. Box 5854
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 762 148
    Children, education, PWA support.

  8. Christian Children's Fund
    Contact person: Fikero Abebe
    Tel: +251 1 613 426
    Fax: +251 1 612 866
    Email:

  9. Christian Relief And Development Association (CRDA)
    The National HIV/AIDS Forum of NGOs
    Contact person: Ms Yimegnushal Takele
    P.O. Box 5674
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 139 3493 / 390 322
    Fax: +251 139 3502
    Email: /
    Website: www.crdaethiopia.org

  10. Consortium Of Family Planning NGOs In Ethiopia (COFAP)
    Contact person: Tigist Alemu
    P.O. Box 14507
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 119 633
    Fax: +251 1 551 588
    Email:
    Coordinating body of affiliated NGOs; training on reproductive health; prevention.

  11. Dawn Of Hope
    Contact person: Kassahun Argaw
    P.O. Box 24378
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 564 329
    Fax: +251 1 560 245
    Email:
    Socio-economic support; medical support; legal and human rights protection; counselling; emotional support; training on counselling; public education; community mobilisation through workshops.

  12. Ethiopian Anti-AIDS Women Association
    P.O. Box 170265
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 622 787
    Condom; female condom; dental dam distribution; counselling.

  13. Family Guidance Association
    Contact person: Amare Bedada
    P.O. Box 5716
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 514 111
    Fax: +251 1 512 192
    Information; education; communication; condom distribution; STI diagnosis and treatment; counselling; voluntary HIV testing; treatment of opportunistic infections.

  14. Integrated Service for AIDS Prevention and Support (ISAPSO)
    Contact person: Beletu Mengistu
    P.O. Box 27320
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 564 335 / +251 1 550 162
    Fax: +251 1 555 179
    Training of peer educators; seminars; condom promotion and distribution; development and distribution of IEC material.

  15. Mekdim HIV Positive Persons And AIDS Orphans National Association
    Contact person: Mengistu Zemene
    P.O. Box 31218
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 560 380 / +251 1 563 003
    Fax: +251 1 568 733
    Email:
    Psychological and social support; home care; awareness raising.

  16. The MESOB HIV/AIDS Networking Project
    c/o InterAfrica Group's NGO Networking Service
    Contact person: Renee Storteboom
    P.O. Box 1631
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 514 575
    Fax: +251 1 517 554
    Email:
    Networking and information-sharing; education.

  17. Nazreth Children's Center and Integrated Development (NACID)
    Contact person: Kassaye Haile
    P.O. Box 40943
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 200 081
    Fax: +251 1 711 288
    Email:
    Prevention; training; IEC materials production and distribution; condom distribution; awareness raising.

  18. Norwegian Church Aid
    Contact person: Hans Birkeland
    P.O. Box 1248
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 512 922 / +251 1 512 927
    Fax: +251 1 518 167
    Email:
    Website: www.nca.no
    Works in partnership with local organisations and provides technical and financial assistance to allow them to deliver various services and activities to their target groups.

  19. Organisation For Social Services For Aids (OSSA)
    Contact person: Girma Assefa
    P.O. Box 2385
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 506 858 / +251 1 531 683
    Fax: +251 1 515 306
    Email:
    Umbrella NGO; information and education materials; community based care; testing and counselling; programmes for orphans; support; community economic project.

  20. Pro Pride
    Contact person: Digafe Feleke
    P.O. Box 13047
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 52 44 17
    Fax: +251 1 75 63 99
    Email:
    Website: www.devinet.org/propride
    Health education on HIV/AIDS and STDs; publication of monthly newspaper, brochures, posters and other IEC materials; radio sensitization programme; drama and musical shows on HIV/AIDS; counselling services; psychosocial support of HIV/AIDS patients; voluntary counselling and testing.

  21. Save Your Generation Association
    Contact person: Abebe Demisu
    P.O. Box 14685
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 123 882 / +251 1 565 026
    Fax: +251 1 553 619 (c/o DSW)
    Email:
    Information; education; condom programming; empowerment of vulnerable groups; community economic project; advocacy.

  22. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
    Contact person: Mr Samuel Nyambi
    UNDP Resident Representative
    P.O. Box 5580
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 515 177 / +251 1 511 025 direct
    Fax: +251 1 515 147 / +251 1 514 599
    Email:
    Supports an expanded response and policy advice on preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.

  23. UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: Ms Emebet Admassu (NPO)
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Tel: +251 1 510 152
    Fax: +251 1 511 021
    Email: /
    Education/training; surveillance and research; empowerment of vulnerable groups; programmes for orphans and surviving dependants; community economic project.
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 72,420 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 7244 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 32621 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.8 UN population division database
% of urban population 2003 15.5 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 4.09 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 42 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 17.5 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 850 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 48 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 6.2 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 114 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 179 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 720 UN population division database
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 2.7 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 14 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as %of total expenditure on health 2001 40.5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 60.9 UNESCO
Adult male illiteracy rate 2000 52.9 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 69 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 76 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 1996 52 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 1996 22 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 1996 14 UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 1,500,000
Adults (15-49) 1,400,000 Adult rate(%) 4.4
Women (15-49) 770,000
Children (0-15) 120,000
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 120,000
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 720,000

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

HIV sentinel surveillance among women attending antenatal care clinics has improved since 1999; surveys are conducted annually and 34 sites were used in 2001. Data on HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics in Addis Ababa were also available for 2002. In 2000, a special HIV prevalence study was conducted among 72,000 male army recruits drawn from four regions (Tigray, Amhara, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region - SNNR). A cohort study carried out from 1997 to 1999 among factory workers in Akaki and Wonji areas also generated data on HIV prevalence.

Twenty out of the 34 sites reported a prevalence rate exceeding 10% in 2001. However, there were seven sites with rates of <5%. HIV infection rates among women attending antenatal care clinics in this country have remained relatively stable at >10% since 1997. Time trends among women attending four clinics in Addis Ababa show that median HIV prevalence was 18.6% in 1996, 15.2% in 2000 and 15.1% in 2002.

In 2000, overall HIV prevalence among rural military recruits was 3.8%, compared to 7.2% among urban recruits.



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