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  ERITREA - Country Profile Updated: March 2005  

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework

National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS/STIs for 2003-2007 released in April 2003.

Ministry of Health
P.O. Box 212 Asmara
Tel: +291 1 117549
Fax: +291 1 122899

National AIDS and TB Control Division
Dr Andeberhan Tesfazion
Tel: +291 1 121562
Fax: +291 1 122899 / 125835
Email:

HIV/AIDS Organisations:

  1. BIDHO
    Contact Person: Amanuel Tesfamichael
    P.O. Box 5537 Asmara
    Tel: +291 1 202772
    Email:
    PLWHA association; fights against stigma and discrimination of PLWHA; care and support programmes; awareness programmes; advocacy/legal rights

  2. Population Services International - Eritrean Social Marketing Group
    Contact person: Rob Maroni
    P.O. Box 5839
    Zone 1 Subzone 01
    Nakura Street, House No. 14
    Asmara, Eritrea
    Tel: +291 1 126240
    Fax: +291 1 127350

  3. UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS
    Contact person: Christian Balslev-Olesen
    Tel: +291 1 151344
    Fax: +291 1 151350
    Email:

  4. UNAIDS Country Coordinator
    Contact person: Dominique Mathiot
    Tel: +291 1 151599
    Fax: +291 1 151600
    Email:
Country Indicators
Demographic data Year Estimate Source
Total population (thousands) 2004 4,297 UN population division database
Female population aged 15-24 (thousands) 2004 438 UN population division database
Population aged 15-49 (thousands) 2004 2,002 UN population division database
Annual population growth rate (%) 1992-2002 2.4 UN population division database
% of population in urban areas 2003 19.8 UN population division database
Average annual growth rate of urban population 2000-2005 5.8 UN population division database
Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 pop.) 2004 39 UN population division database
Crude death rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.) 2004 11.8 UN population division database
Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 live births) 2000 630 WHO (WHR2004)/UNICEF
Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 58 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total fertility rate 2002 5.5 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 65 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 2000 112 World Health Report 2004, WHO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications
Socio-economic data Year Estimate Source
Gross national income, ppp, per capita (Int.$) 2002 950 World Bank
Gross domestic product, per capita % growth 2001-2002 6.5 World Bank
Per capita total expenditure on health (Int.$) 2001 36 World Health Report 2004, WHO
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 2001 65.1 World Health Report 2004, WHO
Total adult illiteracy rate 2000 44.3
Adult male illiteracy rate 32.7 UNESCO
Adult female illiteracy rate 2000 55.5 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 65 UNESCO
Gross primary school enrolment ratio, female 2000/2001 54 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, male 2000/2001 33 UNESCO
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, female 2000/2001 24 UNESCO
For consistency reasons the data used in the above table are taken from official UN publications

Source: WHO/UNAIDS epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2004 Update.
Email:
Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, end of 2003
These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2003:
Adults and children 60,000  
Adults (15-49) 55,000 Adult rate(%) 2.7
Women (15-49) 31,000  
Children (0-15) 5,600  
Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS
Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2003:
Deaths in 2003 6,300  
Estimated number of orphans
Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 17 at the end of 2003:
Current living orphans 39,000  

Assessment of the epidemiological situation (2004)

The first round of sentinel surveillance was conducted in 1999 among women attending antenatal care clinics at 14 sites located in urban areas. No surveys were conducted in 2000, 2001 and 2002, as the system was disrupted by war. In 2001, a nationwide survey was conducted among selected groups, including women attending antenatal care clinics, the general population, female bar attendants, military personnel and students. In 1997, prevalence studies were conducted among women attending antenatal care clinics and sex workers in selected areas.

According to the nationwide survey in 2001, the median HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal care clinics was 2.9%. In 1999, HIV prevalence rates in the four zones ranged from 2.4%-6.5%. The 2001 survey suggested that the prevalence of HIV infection among the general population was 2.4%. The same survey found HIV prevalence rates of 22.8%, 4.6% and 0.1% among female bar workers, military personnel and students respectively. In 1997, 35% of the sex workers tested in the six zones of the country were HIVpositive. In 1988, 2% of sex workers tested in Asmara were HIV positive; the rate increased to 6% in 1989. Also in 1988, median HIV prevalence among sex workers tested in Assab, Keren, and Massawa was 3%; the range was 1% in Massawa to 32% in Assab.



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