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 Wednesday 16 June 2010
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Country Profile: Vietnam
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AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2004-2010

The framework aims to increase voluntary counselling and testing services to 100% of provinces and 50% of districts by 2010.

Situation Report (WHO, 2006):
Although significant progress has been made in HIV prevention among vulnerable groups through several initiatives such as Preventing HIV in Viet Nam Project in 21 provinces, prevention, care, treatment and support programmes targeting vulnerable groups such as injecting drug users and sex workers remain inadequate, and their access to health services is limited. Rapidly scaling up antiretroviral therapy in Viet Nam will require paying attention to special challenges posed by injecting drug users, who comprise more than half the population of people living with HIV/AIDS. Community-based service delivery models linked to rehabilitation centres for injecting drug users and sex workers need to be developed integrating harm reduction, drug dependence treatment and antiretroviral therapy. The managerial and technical capacity of programmes at the national, provincial and local levels needs to be strengthened to support the scale-up of the national response. Antiretroviral drugs are largely available in the private sector. It is critical to develop mechanisms of working with and regulating private sector to prevent the massive occurrence of drug resistance. A variety of international initiatives including the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, ESTHER and the Global Fund HIV Project have begun providing support to Viet Nam in HIV/AIDS care and treatment, working with the Ministry of Health, bilateral agencies, United Nations agencies and international and national nongovernmental organisations. Coordination among partners needs to be improved to avoid fragmentation, overlap, gaps and inconsistencies in the implementation of activities.

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  Ministry of Health
General Department of Preventative Medicine and HIV/AIDS Control, Ministry of Health
Contact person: Dr Nguyen Thanh Long, senior officer Tel: +84 4 846 5578 / +84 4 846 0133
Location: 138A, Giang Vo Street,
Ha Noi, Vietnam
Fax: +84 4 846 0507
What we do:

  Agir pour les Femmes en Situation Précaire (AFESIP)
Contact person: Georges Blanchard, national coordinator /Pierre Legros, regional coordinator Tel: +84 8 832 6523
Location: 322/39 Nguyen dinh Chieu Street
Ward 4, district 3
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
What we do: Prevention; social research on sex workers.

  CARE International
Contact person: Barbara Bale, health & HIV/AIDS programme coordinator Tel: +84 4 716 1930
Location: 25 Hang Bun
Ba Dinh
Ha Noi, Vietnam
Fax: +84 4 716 1935
What we do: Awareness and prevention; IEC campaigns; social marketing; capacity building of local CBOs; workplace interventions; HIV and Human Rights promotion; care and support for people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS.

 Center for Community Health and Development
Contact person: Tel: +84 4 972 1452
Location: 127 Lo Duc Hanoi, Vietnam Fax: +84 4 072 1459
What we do: Capacity building; research; peer education; community outreach for prevention, care and support.

 Center of Action for Development (AFORD)
Contact person: Dinh Thi Thanh Hoa, director Tel: +84 4 852 2621
Location: Room No. 108-Block D8-Trung Tu Hostel
Dong Da District
Hanoi, Vietnam
Fax: +84 4 573 5729
What we do: HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC); training on care and treatment of those infected and affected by HIV/AIDS; monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS programme; HIV/AIDS harm reduction programme.

 Institute for Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, HIV/AIDS Department
Contact person: Tran Khac Dien, deputy director Mobile: +84 91 3348352
Location: Bach Mai Hospital
6 Giai Phong Road
Dong Ha
Hanoi, Vietnam
What we do:

 Center for Reproductive and Family Health
Contact person: Tel: +84 4 823 4288
Location: 63/35 Cat Linh Street
Dong Da
Hanoi, Vietnam
Fax: +84 4 823 4288
What we do: Research, training and implementation of projects in the fields of gender, sexuality, reproductive and community health.

 STDs/HIV/AIDS Prevention Centre (SHAPC)
Contact person: Tran Thi Nga, director Tel: +84 4 736 5474
Location: 90B, Nui Truc lane
Giang Van Minh Street
Ba Dinh dist.
Hanoi, Vietnam
Fax: +84 4 736 5474
What we do: STIs/HIV/AIDS prevention and care; sexual and reproductive health; family planning; community development.

 Family Health International
Contact person:  Cuong Do Duy, care and treatment programme officer Tel: +84 4 943 1828
Location: 30 Nguyen Du Street,Hanoi, Vietnam Suite 301, Hoan Kiem
Fax: +84 8 943 1829
What we do:

 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention–Vietnam
Contact person: Mitchell Wolfe, country director Tel: +84 4 831 4580 (Ext. 145)
Location: U.S. Embassy, 7 Lang Ha Street
Hanoi, Vietnam
Mobile: +84 90 345 9696
  Fax: +84 4 831 4604
What we do:

Contact person: Daniel Levitt, HIV/AIDS programme manager Tel: +84 4 935 1242
Location: Tung Shing Square, 2 Ngo Quyen
Hanoi, Vietnam
Mobile: +84 90 346 0069
  Fax: +84 4 935 1176
What we do:

Contact person: Nguyen Minh Thang, HIV/AIDS programme monitoring and evaluation specialist & strategic information advisor Tel: +84 8 822 7273 (Ext. 226) Ho Chi Minh City
Location: Mobile: +84 90 340 4977
  EmFax: +84 8 822 5102, Ho Chi Minh City
What we do:

 Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project, UNAIDS
Contact person: Drew Owen Morgan, regional policy advisor to Vietnam, Myanmar and China Tel: +84 4 978 3060
Location: Level 1, Number 9 Tue Tinh Street
Hanoi, Vietnam
Mobile: +84 0 904 145967
  Fax: +84 4 978 3060
What we do:

 UNAIDS Country Coordinator
Contact person: Nancy Fee Tel:
Location: No. 24, Lane 11, Trin Hoai Duc Street
Ha Noi, Vietnam
What we do:

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: Jesper Morch, UNICEF Tel: +84 4 942 1495
+84 4 825 4097
Location: 27-29 Phan Boi Chau
Hanoi, Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Mobile: +84 913 209 982
  Fax: +84 4 942 2267
What we do:

Treatment Map

Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 0.54
No. Of HIV Testing & Counselling Sites: 75
No. Of People in need of ART (2005): 25,000
No. Of People On ART (2005): 3,000–3,500
No. Of Sites Reportedly Distributing ARVs: 74
No. Of People on ART Public Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART Private Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART in Non-Government Programmes: n/a
No. Of People Expected to be on ART by end of 2007: n/a
Front Line Drug Regimen (2005, WHO): stavudine (or zidovudine) + lamivudine + nevirapine (or efavirenz)
Government has procured and distributed locally produced generic ARVs (not prequalified by WHO); branded ARVs have been distributed with support from the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. Frontline treatment costs about US$ 260 per person per year for the local product and about US$ 545 for branded products.
*PMTCT Regimen:

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of February 2007: US$ 24,910,176
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme (MAP): not applicable
Total Funds Planned for Disbursement By PEPFAR as of 2005 Fiscal Year: US$44.5 million

Sources: Ministry of Health


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 85.3 million
Urban population: 26 percent

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 32
Male life expectancy: 69.5 years
Female life expectancy: 73.5 years
Combined average life expectancy: 71.5 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: approx. 50.3 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths: 75 percent
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths: 72 percent

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 93.9 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 86.9 percent
Combined literacy rate for those aged 15 or older: 90.4 percent
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