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 Wednesday 16 June 2010
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Country Profile: Uganda
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AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2006/7-2010/11

The plan outlines goals to provide universal prevention, treatment and support services for all Ugandans by its completion. Prevention continues to the thrust of Uganda’s HIV/AIDS campaign. Goals of 2006/7-2010/11 framework include:
 Tracking policy implementation
 Achieving a more thorough understanding of prevalence trends
 Strengthen data collection and usage among civil society organisations

Situation Report:
Uganda was a pioneer among African governments in responding to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In 1986, the Ministry of Health (MOH) created the STD/AIDS Control Program (STD/ACP) – the first AIDS control program in sub-Saharan Africa.

Since 1992, HIV prevalence in Uganda has dropped by more than 50 percent, and significant changes in HIV-related behaviors have been documented. The overall prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the country is 7.0 percent, with prevalence estimates of roughly 10.7 percent and 6.4 percent for the urban and rural populations, respectively. Transmission is mainly through heterosexual sex (75 to 80 percent). Mother-to-child-transmission accounts for 15-25 percent of new infections.

There are now 13 active HIV/AIDS control programs in government ministries. In addition, almost 2,000 indigenous Ugandan nongovernmental and faith-based organizations (NGOs and FBOs) contribute to the national response—a best practice unique to Uganda.

Certain traditional practices in Uganda hasten the spread of HIV infections, including widow inheritance, polygamy, wife sharing, blood brotherhood and infertility-related practices. Moreover, traditional marriage values prevent a woman from acting against a husband who places her at risk. This cultural aspect along with the value placed on large families and social pressure on women to frequently reproduce increases the number of HIV-infected children. Further, discrimination and stigma remain significant and the practice of self-stigmatization is one of the greatest threats, as people resist seeking care for fear of being identified and maligned by co-workers and peers. There are gaps at all levels in capacity, infrastructure and resources. Poverty and the devastating effects of the conflict in the north exacerbate these gaps.

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  Ministry of Health
Contact person: Dr Alex Opio; Dr Elizabeth Madraa, program manager, STD/AIDS Control Programme Tel: +256 41 340 874
+256 41 257 409
Location: Plot 6 Lourdel Rd, Wandegeya
Postal Address: P.O. Box 7272
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 340 887
What we do:

  Uganda AIDS Commission
Contact person: Dr David Kihumuro Apuuli, director general Tel: +256 41 288 065
Location: P.O. Box 10779
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 347 447
What we do: Coordination of the country’s multi-sectorial efforts in the fight against HIV/AIDS done through joint planning; monitoring and evaluation of the national programme; resource mobilisation; policy formulation; information sharing; advocacy and networking.

  African Medical Research Foundation-Uganda (AMREF)
Contact person: Mr Francis Okriokot Tel: +256 41 250 319
Location: P.O. Box 10663
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 344 565
What we do: Sexual health training; HIV prevention amongst young people; primary school AIDS prevention; sex education and counselling by teachers and peer educators.

 Islamic Medical Association Of Uganda
Contact person: Magid Kagimu Tel: +256 41 272 812
071 272 812
Location: P.O. Box 2773
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 251 443
What we do: Health service delivery, HIV/AIDS prevention and control using the Islamic approach.

 National AIDS Documentation And Information Centre (NADIC)
Contact person: Tel: +256 41 273538
+256 41 273231
Location: P.O. Box 10779
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 258173
What we do: Documentation centre; promotion of current and relevant HIV/AIDS information.

 National Community Of Women Living With AIDS (ACWLWA)
Contact person: Scovia Kasolo Tel: +256 41 269694
Location: P.O. Box 4485
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 269694
What we do: Network of positive women: coordination; networking; advocacy; rights.

 National Guidance and Empowerment Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda (NGEN+)
Contact person: Augustine Kishangeki Tel: +256 41 259481
Location: P.O. Box 10028
Kampala, Uganda
+256 41 403836
  Fax: +256 41 34330/1
What we do: Regional coordinating network for people with HIV/AIDS: advocacy/rights; information exchange; capacity building; health promotion.

 Straight Talk Foundation
Contact person: Anne Akia Fiedler Tel: +256 41 543025/884
Location: P.O. Box 22366
Kampala, Uganda
What we do: Information, education and communication materials for teenagers; prevention.

 The AIDS Support Organisation (TASO)
Contact person:  Rebecca Nvule Tel: +256 41 532 580/1
Location: P.O. Box 10443
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 566 704
What we do: Support; advice; information; education; prevention; medical services.

 THETA - Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together Against AIDS
Contact person: Dorothy Balaba Tel: +256 41 532 930
Location: P.O. Box 21175
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 530 619
What we do: Collaboration between traditional healers and conventional health practitioners. Provision of health care and prevention using local resources and a culturally relevant approach. Training of traditional healers as health educators and counsellors.

 Uganda Youth Anti-AIDS Association (UYAAS)
Contact person: Sande P. Ndimwibo, executive director Tel: +256 41 270 546
Location: Postal Address: P.O. Box 11407
Physical Address: Plot 280 Willis Rd., Namirembe Hill, Mengo
Kampala, Uganda
Mobile: +256 772 506291
What we do: HIV/AIDS education and prevention; training of peer educators; counselling of young people with health problems or at risk; condom promotion and distribution; media programmes for young people; community mobilisation; technical research on HIV/AIDS related issues.

 Uganda Network of AIDS Service Organisations (UNASO)
Contact person: Tel: +256 77 486 507/644 511
Location: Fax:
What we do: Self-help; information; education; prevention; advocacy; lobbying; counselling.

Health Right Action Group
Contact person: Tel: +256 41 222 540
Location: UMA Show Grounds, Lugogo
USSIA Building
2nd Floor
Kampala Uganda
Postal Address: P.O. Box 40081
Fax: +256 41 222 750
What we do:

 Youth Development Mission
Contact person: Francis Kamya Tel: +256 41 567 830
Location: P.O. Box 3467
Kampala, Uganda
Mobile: +256 77 691 999
What we do: Prevention campaigns aimed at young people; counselling; referrals.

 UNAIDS Country Co-ordinator
Contact person: Malayah Harper Tel: +256 41 3355 00/11/12
Location: UNAIDS, c/o WHO
6 Hannington Rd.
P.O. Box 24578
Kampala, Uganda
Fax: +256 41 3401 13
What we do:

  UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: Mr Martin Mogwanja, UNICEF Tel: +256 41 234 591
Location: Plot 17/19, Clement Hill Road
P.O. Box 7047
Kampala, Uganda
Mobile: +256 77 222 341
  Fax: +256 41 259 146
What we do: Supports an expanded response and policy advice on preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.

 UNAIDS, Programme Officer
Contact person: Ms Inge Tack Tel:
Location: Fax: +256 41 259146
What we do: UNAIDS, leads, strengthens and supports an expanded response aimed at preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.

Sources: - The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The World Bank
- World Health Organization
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
- United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Treatment Map

Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 6.7%
No. of People living with HIV/AIDS: 1 million
No. of HIV Testing & Counseling Sites: 440
No. of People in need of ART: 114,000
No. of People 0-49 years On ART: 67,369
No. of Sites Reportedly Distributing ART: 183
No. of People on ART Public Sector: n/a
No. of People on ART Private Sector: n/a
No. of People on ART in Non-Governmental Programmes: n/a
No. of People Expected to be on ART (2006 End): n/a
Front Line Drug Regimen: n/a
*PMTCT Regimen: n/a

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of Sept. 2006: US$90,461,261
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme (MAP) as of Sept. 2006: US$47.5 million
Total Funds Disbursed By PEPFAR During 2005 Fiscal Year: US$148,435,327


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 28,816,000
Population aged 15-59: 13,173,000
Urban population: 3,580,000

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 139
Male life expectancy: 48 years
Female life expectancy: 51 years
Combined average life expectancy: 49.5 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: 50.4 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths: 21 percent
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths: 17 percent

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 78.8 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 59.2 percent
Combined literacy rate for aged 15 or older: 68.9 percent
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