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 Wednesday 16 June 2010
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Country Profile: Chad
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AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2006-2010

Goals include strengthening decentralization so as to attain national coverage, strengthening gender and culture-sensitive responses and increasing the life spans of PLWHA by at least 30 percent by 2010.


Critical issues and major challenges

The security situation continues to deteriorate in the eastern and southern parts of the country, and has weakened the country’s capacity to respond effectively to the epidemic. But it has provided an opportunity for the UN Country Team to mainstream HIV into the humanitarian response. The current national response does not anticipate a reversal in the nongovernmental organisational trend.

There is increasing political commitment at the highest level. The National Strategic Framework (2006–2010) and the multisectoral plan (2006–2008) have been developed and validated. Ten line ministries have an HIV task force and an action plan. The roadmap for universal access has been developed through a national consultation with full civil society participation. However, while the promotion and the social marketing programmes of condom are operational, the extension of this activity is limited because of cultural and religious resistance.

A network of nongovernmental organisations and associations of people living with HIV has been created and most of their programmes focus on fighting stigma and discrimination, promotion of HIV prevention and access to treatment and care. Target populations include women, young people, mobile populations, sex workers and uniformed services personnel. The involvement of the private sector in the national response is very limited. The resource mobilization process is very limited since Chad does not attract many donors.

Source: UNAIDS

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  Ministry of Health
Contact person: Dr Djabar Ahmet Tel: +235 52 3407
Location: Ndjamena, Chad +235 25 4040
What we do:

Contact person: Paturel Belhoume Tel: +235 52 3406
Location: Ndjamena, Chad Fax: +235 52 3407
What we do: Founded in 1999 and operating across central Africa, Conajelus primarily supports HIV+ patients and AIDS orphans.

  Foyer Norexel Association des PVV+
Contact person: Dr Noe Call Tel: +235 52 3406
Location: Ndjamena, Chad Fax: +235 52 3407
What we do: Offering home visits and private counselling for those living with AIDS; affiliated to women’s groups working against the spread of the HIV virus.

 UNAIDS Country Co-ordinator
Contact person: Claire Mulanga Tel: +235 52 0940 / 54
Location: Fax: +235 51 9330
What we do:

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS
Contact person: Dr Koffi Yao Kassankogno Tel: +235 52 0057
Location: Représentant de l’OMS
Rue du 26 Aout
B.P. 152 N’Djaména, Chad
Fax: +235 52 3159
What we do:

Sources: - Chad UNGASS Report 2005
- The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The World Bank
- World Health Organization
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
- United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Treatment Map

HIV/AIDS Statistics and Information for 2005 (UNAIDS, WHO):
Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 3.5%
No. Of People living with HIV/AIDS: 180,000
No. Of HIV Testing & Counseling Sites: n/a
No. Of People in need of ART: 38,000
No. Of People on ART: 6,500
No. Of Sites Reportedly Distributing ART: n/a
No. Of People on ART Public Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART Private Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART in Non-Governmental Programmes: n/a
No. Of People Expected to be on ART (2006 End): n/a
Front Line Drug Regimen: n/a
*PMTCT Regimen: n/a

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of Sept. 2006: US$7,921,812
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme (MAP) as of Sept. 2006: nil
Total Funds Disbursed By PEPFAR During 2005 Fiscal Year: nil


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 9,749,000
Population aged 15-59: 4,685,000
Urban population: 2,511,000

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 203
Male life expectancy: 45 years
Female life expectancy: 48 years
Combined average life expectancy: 46.5 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: 42.6 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
23% (2004 UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate)
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
7% (2004 UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate)

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 54.5 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 37.5 percent
Combined literacy rate for aged 15 or older: 45.8 percent
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