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 Wednesday 16 June 2010
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Country Profile: Myanmar
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AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2006-2010

The plan is accompanied by a costed operational plan with targets, 2006-2008, which is updated periodically throughout the framework’s duration.

Situation Report (UNAIDS 2006):
The national adult prevalence of HIV infection is between 1% to 2%. Myanmar is thus characterized as having a "generalized" epidemic. However, the spread of the HIV infection across the country is heterogenous varying widely by geographical location and by population sub group.

The spread of HIV infection in Myanmar continues to increase. Among military recruits tested in Yangoon and Mandalay, the prevalence of HIV infection has increased from 0.5% in 1992 to 1.4% in 2000, to 2.09% in 2003. Among blood donors, HIV prevalence has consistently increased from 0.3% in1992, to 1% in 2000, to 1.23% in 2003. The prevalence among ANC women was 2% and 0.5% in Yangoon and Mandalay, respectively in 2003 and has remained somewhat constant over the past five years in these major urban areas. Outside major urban areas, the median HIV prevalence in 2003 was 1% with a range of nil to 7.5%.

Among IDUs, the median HIV prevalence in six sentinel sites in 2003 was 48%, ranging from 23% to 77%. Among commercial sex workers the HIV prevalence in Yangoon and Mandalay was 33% and 53.6% respectively in 2003. Among male and female STD patients, median HIV prevalence in the same year was 6% and 12.55%, respectively.

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  National AIDS Control Programme
Contact person: Dr Min Thwe, assistant director and acting programme manager Tel: +95 1 246 704
Location: 89 Upper Pansodan St, Mingalartaungnyunt Township
Yangon, Myanmar
Fax: +95 1 251 973 / +95 1 210 652
What we do:

  Myanmar Business Coalition on AIDS
Contact person: Tel: +95 1 24 2828
Location: Traders Hotel, Rm 223 Sule Pagoda Road
Yagon, Myanmar
Fax: +95 1 24 2834
What we do:

  Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project
Contact person: Drew Owen Morgan, regional policy advisor to Vietnam, Myanmar and China Tel: +84 4 978 3060
Location: Level 1, Number 9 Tue Tinh Street
Hanoi, Vietnam
Mobile: +84 0 904 145967
  Fax: +84 4 978 3060
What we do:

 World Health Organisation
Contact person: Prof Adik Wibowo Tel: +95-1 212 606 / 212 608 / 212 609 /
Location: 7th Floor, Yangon International Hotel
#330, Ahlone Road, Dagon Township
Yangon, Myanmar
212 365; Reception: 212 607
  Fax: +95-1 212 605 & 210 568
What we do:

 UNAIDS Country Coordinator
Contact person: Brian Williams Tel: +95 1 221 927
Location: Fax: +95 1 229 280
What we do:

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: Daniel B. Baker, UNFPA Tel: +95 1 542910 (UNDP)
Location: UN Building, 6 Natmauk Road
P.O. Box 650
Tamwe Township
Yangon, Myanmar
Fax: +95 1 543634 (UNDP)
What we do:

Treatment Map

Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 1.3
No. Of People living with HIV/AIDS: 360,000
No. Of HIV Testing & Counselling Sites: 122
No. Of People in need of ART: 67,000
No. Of People On ART: estimated 5,790 (actual numbers are expected to be very similar). All figures exclude the private sector
No. Of Sites Reportedly Distributing ARVs: 24 sites (8 government, 16 NGO)
No. Of People on ART Public Sector: 899
No. Of People on ART Private Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART in Non-Government Programmes: 4,891
No. Of People Expected to be on ART by end 2007: 9,000 by March 2008
Front Line Drug Regimen: zidovudine + lamivudine + nevirapine or efavirenz
*PMTCT Regimen: nevirapine + zidovudine, to start soon in two hospitals

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of March 2005: US$ 11,929,652
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme (MAP) as of Sept. 2006: not applicable
Total Funds Planned for Disbursement By PEPFAR During 2006 Fiscal Year: none

Sources: UNAIDS


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 51 million
Urban population: 31 percent

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 98
Male life expectancy: 58.4 years
Female life expectancy: 64.2 years
Combined average life expectancy: 61.3 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: approx. 49.2 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths: 41 percent
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths: 39 percent

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 93.7 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 86.4 percent
Combined literacy rate for aged 15 or older: 90.05 percent
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