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 Wednesday 16 June 2010
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Country Profile: Cameroon
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AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2006-2010; see also 2000-2005
Focus areas include strengthening stakeholder ownership, and promoting research and monitoring.


Assessment of overall response and capacity

The National AIDS Control Committee established in 1998 and chaired by the Minister for Health coordinates implementation of the HIV/AIDS programme in collaboration with other national and international partners. The National AIDS Control Committee is decentralized, with a Central Technical Group and provincial representation from provincial technical groups.

Cameroon has 166 district hospitals, health centres and clinics that provide treatment for sexually transmitted infections and opportunistic infections, HIV testing, psychosocial support to people living with HIV/AIDS and prevention counselling.

Cameroon developed national treatment guidelines and a multi-sectoral plan for decentralizing the provision of antiretroviral therapy in 2004–2005 in collaboration with the National AIDS Control Committee and WHO. This plan was to scale up antiretroviral therapy to 36,000 people by the end of 2005 in 83 treatment centres across the country. The national programme for preventing mother-to-child transmission is being expanded gradually, including voluntary testing and counselling for pregnant women and their partners; prescription of antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy and childbirth; and follow-up and psychosocial support for the mother and child.

Critical issues and major challenges

The strong political commitment in Cameroon to fight HIV/AIDS needs to be supported by strengthening the health system, both in terms of human resource and infrastructure capacity, especially at the district level. Cameroon needs additional resources to expand the subsidized provision of antiretroviral therapy beyond pilot projects and to sustain treatment access programmes in the long term. The system for procurement and supply management of drugs and diagnostics needs to be strengthened.

Sources: UNAIDS, WHO

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  Ministry of Public Health
Contact person: Tel: +237 222 2901
Location: Yaounde, Cameroon Fax:  
What we do:

  Programme Nationale de Lutte contre le SIDA
Contact person: Dr Léopold Zekeng Tel: +237 222 5758
Location: B.P. 13810
Yaoundé, Cameroon
Fax: +237 223 1653
  +237 222 4419
What we do:

  Sun Shine - Cameroon Network
Contact person: Marie Mendene Tel: +237 993 4302
Location: B.P. 12490
Douala, Cameroon
Fax: +237 343 2917
What we do: HIV/AIDS education and awareness campaigns; support group services.

 AFSU - (Association des freres et soeurs unis)
Contact person: Mr Antoine Fofou Tel: +237 955 0094
Location: P.O. Box 25057
Yaounde, Cameroon
+237 991 4674
  Fax: +237 222 6258
What we do: Home-based care; hospital visits; counselling; PWA care.

 AFASO - (Association des Femmes Actives et Solidaires)
Contact person: Pauline Mounton Tel: +237 986 7256
Location: B.P. 30645
Yaounde, Cameroon
+237 764 3263
What we do: Counselling; orphan-care; nutritional and medical support for PWAs.

 Hope Group
Contact person: Gladys Njoben Tel: +237 348 1262
Location: +237 348 1490
What we do: Association of people living with HIV/AIDS.

 Unique Sisters
Contact person: Elizebert Nkety / Deborah Elangwe Tel: +237 952 2829
Location: P.O. Box 823
Limbe S.W Province, Cameroon
What we do: Support for HIV-positive women, information and education campaigns.

 No Limit For Women Project
Contact person: Ngo Etame Odette, president Tel: +237 31 79 02
Location: BP 1904
Yaoundé , Cameroon
Fax: +237 23 42 32
  +237 42 92 72
What we do: Women ASO working on education community mobilization, peer-education, advocacy towards religious leaders, VTC, orphans and income generating activities.

 Society for Women and AIDS in Africa - Cameroon
Contact person:  Prof Dora Mbanya Tel: +237 231 4039
Location: P.O. Box 8046
Yaounde, Cameroon
What we do: Pre and post-test counselling; home and hospital visits; medical care; advocacy; awareness; research.

 Association of Positive Women - APOWA Cameroon
Contact person: Linda Akere Njinda Tel: +237 987 3405
Location: P.O. Box 619
Douala Littoral Province, Cameroon
Fax: +237 434 176
What we do: Capacity building for HIV-positive women, information and education on living positively.

 Cameroon Link - Human Assistance Programme
Contact person: James Achanyi-Fontem Tel: +237 339 1356
Location: P.O. Box 1460
Douala Littoral Province, Cameroon
+237 775 8840
  Fax: +237 339 1356
What we do: Training; counselling; fund raising; communication; material support; newsletter. Serves as an umbrella organisation coordinating eight local community HIV/AIDS initiative Councils in Bonaberi neighbourhood of Douala.

 UNAIDS Country Co-ordinator
Contact person: Dr Emmanuel Gnaore Tel: +237 222 3036
Location: B.P. 12909
Yaounde, Cameroon
Mobile: +237 771 3761
  Fax: +237 222 3038
What we do:

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: Mme Mariam N’Diaye Coulibaly, UNICEF Tel: +237 222 31 82 / 222 11 08
Location: BP 1181
Yaounde, Cameroon
Mobile: +237 770 13 35
  Fax: +237 223 1653
What we do:

 UNAIDS Regional Support Team for West and Central Africa
Contact person: Dr Meskerem Grunitzky Bekele, director Tel: +221 869 06 64
Location: P.O. Box 5748
Dakar, Senegal
Fax: +221 869 06 80
What we do:

Sources: - National literacy surveys
- The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The World Bank
- World Health Organization
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
- United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Treatment Map

Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 5.4%
No. Of People living with HIV/AIDS: 510,000
No. Of HIV Testing & Counseling Sites: 89
No. Of People in need of ART: 108,000
No. Of People 0-49 years On ART: 17,940
No. Of Sites Reportedly Distributing ART: 89 (68 public sector, 5 private sector and 16 faith-based)
No. Of People on ART Public Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART Private Sector: n/a
No. Of People on ART in Non Governmental Programmes: n/a
No. Of People Expected to be on ART (2006 End): n/a
Front Line Drug Regimen: zidovudine + lamivudine + efavirenz; zidovudine + lamivudine + nevirapine; lamivudine + stavudine + nevirapine, also known as Triomune; lamivudine + stavudine + efavirenz
*PMTCT Regimen n/a

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of Sept. 2006: US$32,296,452
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme as of Sept. 2006: 50 million
Total Funds Disbursed By PEPFAR During 2005 Fiscal Year: nil


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 16,322,000
Population aged 15-59: 8,674,000
Urban population: 8,641,000

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 163
Male life expectancy: 50 years
Female life expectancy: 51 years
Combined average life expectancy: 50.5 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: 48.4 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
51% (2004 national estimate)
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
36% (2004 national estimate)

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 77 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 59.8 percent
Combined literacy rate for aged 15 or older: 67.9 percent
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