Africa Asia Middle East عربي Français Português free subscription IRIN Site Map RSS find PlusNews on facebook follow PlusNews on twitter
Global HIV/AIDS news and analysis
Advanced search
 Wednesday 16 June 2010
Weekly reports 
In-Depth reports 
Country profiles 
Fact files 
Most read 
Country Profile: Botswana
View other profiles

AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2003-2009

Though the document acknowledges a growing number of refugees and foreigners in the country, no specific HIV/AIDS outreach is mentioned outside of making more HIV/AIDS awareness materials (posters etc.) available at border posts and Home Affairs offices, as well as the inclusion of HIV/AIDS messages on visa forms etc. The plan also calls for:
  • The use of sports role models in prevention messaging
  • More research into transactional sex
  • The strengthening of prevention programmes targeting commercial sex workers

  • Overview:

    Assessment of overall response and capacity

    The Government of Botswana has demonstrated a very high level of political commitment to addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic and has adopted a compelling, long-term vision to have no new HIV infections by 2016. Botswana is among the 19 African countries that have established a National AIDS Council chaired by the head of state to take responsibility for a multisectoral response to AIDS. The National AIDS Coordinating Agency provides technical support to the National AIDS Council and coordinates the national multisectoral response. Activities are guided by a National AIDS Policy and the National Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS for 2003–2009.

    Botswana was one of the first countries in Africa to establish a national antiretroviral therapy programme. The implementation of antiretroviral therapy started in 2002 and expanded to 32 sites in 2005. By September 2004, Botswana had already achieved the WHO “3 by 5” target of 30 000 people receiving treatment by the end of 2005 (based on 50% of the WHO/UNAIDS estimated need in 2003).

    Critical issues and major challenges

    The lack of trained human resources is the most significant challenge as Botswana continues to scale up the provision of antiretroviral therapy. Issues affecting staffing levels include a government freeze on creating new posts to prevent future budget deficits. Antiretroviral therapy services need to be rapidly decentralized beyond the district and primary hospital level to include initiation of treatment at the clinic level in order to ensure further scale up towards achieving universal access to services. Coordination among initiatives of various partners and stakeholders needs to be strengthened, including partnerships with the private sector. Other major challenges to scaling up antiretroviral therapy include policy-related issues such as whether nurses should be authorized to initiate treatment, ensuring fairness and equity in providing antiretroviral therapy services and reducing socio-cultural effects and stigma. Nongovernmental organisations and community-based organisations engaged in the national response face the challenge of scarcity of available funding and limited capacity.

    Sources: UNAIDS, WHO

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  Ministry of Health - AIDS/STI Unit
Contact person: E. Koko Tel: +267 391 2492
+267 397 4104
Location: Private Bag 00451 Email:
What we do: Community home-based care services are available through district health teams coordinated by the AIDS/STD Unit in the Ministry of Health.

  National AIDS Coordinating Agency
Contact person: Chris Molomo Tel: +267 3903185
+267 371 0314
Location: Private Bag 00463
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 371 0312
+267 317 0960
What we do:

  African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnership (ACHAP)
Contact person: Ms Lame Ramokate, communications officer Tel: +267 393 3842
Location: Physical Address: Unit 1, Plot 115, Millennium Park, Gaborone
Private Bag X033
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 393 3507
What we do:  A collaborative effort between the government, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and The Merck Company Foundation/Merck & Co., Inc., to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS in Botswana.

 Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership
Contact person: Ms Ria Madison, project administrator Tel: +267 390 2671
Location: Private Bag BO 320, Bontleng
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +297 390 1284
What we do: A collaborative research organization dedicated to the halt of the HIV/AIDS epidemic through research and educational activities.

 Botswana Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (BONEPWA)
Contact person: Mr David Ngele, national co-ordinator Tel: +267 390 6224
Location: Physical Address: BONEPWA Plot 5346, Okavango Close Extension 11.
Postal Address: P.O. Box 1599, Mogoditshane, Botswana
Fax: +267 319 0977
What we do: Umbrella organization specializing in advocacy/lobbing; networking; capacity building of support groups and members for sustainable development and income generation; care; support and prevention activities; treatment information.

 Botswana Networks of AIDS Service Organisations (BONASO)
Contact person: Mr Daniel Motsatsing Tel: +267 317 0582
Location: Physical Address: Old Lobatse Road, Clover House, Plot 1277,
Gaborone West, Gaborone, Botswana
Postal Address: P.O. Box 3129, Gaborone, Botswana
Mobile: +267 713 18552
Fax: +267 390 8436
What we do: National network facilitating research; information exchange; access to resources; policy influence and advocacy; capacity building and providing technical assistance to its members, thus enhancing their capacities to mitigate the spread of HIV.

 Botswana Christian AIDS Intervention Programme (BOCAIP)
Contact person: Jane Munene - Communications Officer Tel: +267 316 454
Location: Physical Address: Plot 303, Nswazwi Way, Gaborone
Postal Address: P.O. Box 601963,
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 371 820
What we do: Increasing capacity for HIV/AIDS counselling and testing throughout the country.

 Botswana Red Cross Society
Contact person: Tshegofabo Phaphe - AIDS Programme Coordinator Tel: +267 395 2465
+267 352 465
Location: Physical Address: 135 Independence Avenue, Gaborone, Botswana
Postal Address: P.O. Box 485, Gaborone, Botswana
+267 312 353
  Fax: +267 391 2352
What we do: Support; advice; training on HIV/AIDS mitigation, prevention, care and support.

 Community Solutions Association (COMSO)
Contact person:  Koketso Rantona Tel: +267 351 660
Location: Plot 425, Mokgosi Close
Extension 4
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 351 660
What we do: Prevention; care; support; sexual and reproductive health education.

 Coping Centre for People Living with HIV/AIDS (COCEPWA)
Contact person: Helen Ditsebe-Mohone / Regina Lesole Tel: +267 393 7159
+267 598 4158
Location: P.O. Box 50349
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 393 7159
What we do: Provides community-based social support for people living with HIV/AIDS, mobilising them to become more involved in prevention and care initiatives and helping to destigmatise the disease.

 Metlhaetsile Women's Information Centre
Contact person: Monica Tabengwa Tel: +267 397 7618 / 239
Location: Private Bag 42
Mochudi, Botswana
Fax: +267 397 7195
What we do: Advocacy/rights; counselling; resource centre; legal aid; education.

 MASA - The National Antiretroviral Therapy Programme of Botswana
Contact person: Mrs T.S Mphele, IEC specialist Tel: +267 393 4380
Location: Private Bag 0038
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 393 4381
What we do:  Botswana has become the first African country to provide free antiretroviral therapy to its citizens on a national scale through the public health service.

 Pan African Christian HIV/AIDS Network (PACANet)
Contact person: Tel: +267 395 7691
+267 395 7693
Location: Suite 261, Postnet Main Mall
Private Bag 00149
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 395 7693
What we do:  Links churches, Christian organisations, and Christian networks to enhance their HIV/AIDS responses by sharing resources, ideas, skills, experiences, and stimulating strategic partnerships.

 Population Services International (PSI)
Contact person: Tel: +267 318 5029
Location: Private Bag 00465
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 392 3892
What we do: PSI uses social marketing to deliver health products, services and information that enables low-income and other vulnerable people to lead healthier lives.

 UNAIDS Country Coordinator
Contact person: Dr Evansto Marowa Tel: +267 395 2121 (Ext. 400)
Location: P.O. Box 54, Khama Crescent
Gaborone, Botswana
Fax: +267 395 1243
What we do: UNAIDS, leads, strengthens and supports an expanded response aimed at preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: Ms Viola Morgan, deputy resident representative UNDP Tel: +267 395 2121 (Ext. 204)
Location: Gaborone, Botswana +267 391 3193 (Direct line)
  Fax: +267 390 1459
What we do: Supports an expanded response and policy advice on preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS.

Sources: - The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The World Bank
- World Health Organization
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
- United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Treatment Map

Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 24.1%
No. Of People living with HIV/AIDS: 270,000
No. Of HIV Testing & Counseling Sites: 16
No. Of People in need of ART: 110,000
No. Of People On Public sector ART (Sept. 2006):
Female: 37,140
Male: 23,828
*Children comprise 10 % of the public sector ART patients in Botswana
No. Of Sites Reportedly Distributing ART (Sept. 2006): 32
No. Of People on ART Public Sector (Sept. 2006): 60,968
No. Of People on ART Private Sector (Sept. 2006): 13,059
No. Of People Expected to be on ART (2006 End):
Front Line Drug Regimen: zidovudine + lamivudine + efavirenz
*PMTCT Regimen: zidovudine + lamivudine + nevirapine

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of Sept. 2006: US$9,019,119
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme (MAP) as of Sept. 2006: nil
Total Funds Disbursed By PEPFAR During 2005 Fiscal Year: US$51,838,118

Sources: UNAIDS


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 1,765,000
Population aged 15-59: 1,010,000
Urban population: 927,000

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 98
Male life expectancy: 40 years
Female life expectancy: 40 years
Combined average life expectancy: 40 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: 60 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
73% (2004 UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate)
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
77% (2004 UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate)

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 76.1 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 81.5 percent
Combined literacy rate for aged 15 or older: 78.9 percent
Back | Home page

Services:  Africa | Asia | Middle East | Film & TV | Photo | Radio | Live news map | E-mail subscription
Feedback · IRIN Terms & Conditions · Really Simple Syndication News Feeds · About PlusNews · Jobs · Donors

Copyright © IRIN 2010
This material comes to you via IRIN, the humanitarian news and analysis service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the United Nations or its Member States. Republication is subject to terms and conditions as set out in the IRIN copyright page.