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 Wednesday 16 June 2010
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Country Profile: Burundi
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AIDS Programmes

National Strategic Framework: 2007-2011


Assessment of overall response and capacity

In 1999, the President declared that HIV/AIDS was a national emergency and committed to addressing the epidemic as a national priority. A National AIDS Control Committee was created in 2001 to provide strategic direction to the country’s response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and to support the government in implementing HIV/AIDS control programmes.

Burundi has been successful in implementing a home-based treatment and care programme that has moved the management of HIV treatment, care and support activities closer to affected communities, with the involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS and a strong and active network of nongovernmental organisations. This has played an important role in strengthening community participation, increasing the number of people accessing treatment services, facilitating the monitoring of people receiving treatment and adherence to treatment and reducing stigma and discrimination. The coverage of voluntary counselling and testing services has increased steadily in the past few years.

Critical issues and major challenges

There is strong political commitment to scaling up antiretroviral therapy. National systems to fight HIV are in place, but strengthening them is necessary, especially in human resources and capacity-building at all levels. Scaling up antiretroviral therapy raises several issues, such as coordination, training, accreditation of sites and the logistics of delivering antiretroviral therapy.

Sources: UNAIDS, WHO

HIV/AIDS Organisations

  Ministry of Health
Contact person: Tel: +257 24 6265
Location: Bujumbura, Burundi Fax: +257 24 4758
What we do:

  Conseil National de Lutte contre le SIDA (CNLS)
Contact person: Dr Etienne Karita Tel: +250 78 471/72
Location: B.P. 2717, Kigali Fax: +250 78 473
What we do:

  Association Nationale de Soutien Aux Seropositifs et Sideens du Burundi (ANSS)
Contact person: Adélaïde Nayuburundi - Présidente Tel: +257 21 5977
Location: 28 Avenue Moso Rohero II
B.P. 4152 Bujumbura
Fax: +257 24 1501
What we do: Prevention and awareness; voluntary testing and counselling; medical and psychosocial care; advocacy and lobbying; drop-in centre.

 World Vision Burundi
Contact person: Maereg Tafere Tel: +257 21 5669
Location: 111 Boulevard Uprona Bujumbura
B.P. 1606 Bujumbura
Fax: +257 21 8234
What we do: Prevention; care of orphans; partnerships with faith-based organisations.

 Society of Women and AIDS in Africa (SWAA) - Burundi
Contact person: Seconde Nsabimana Tel: +257 21 1432
Location: B.P. 1934 Bujumbura +257 21 7952
  Fax: +257 22 4422
+257 21 7952
What we do:

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: UNICEF Representative Tel: +257 22 2194
Location: Boulevard de l’Uprona
B.P. 1650 Bujumbura
+257 22 6888
  Fax: +257 22 5190
What we do:

 UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, Chair
Contact person: Mr Antonius Broek, UNDP Tel: +257 301 100
Location: Green Build
Avenue du Peuple Murundi,4470
BP1490, Bujumbura, Burundi
Mobile: +257 866 014
  Fax: +257-301 190/91
What we do:

 UNAIDS Country Co-ordinator
Contact person: Dr Gastron Lograin Tel: +257 24 4824
Location: Place de l’Indépendance 1
Building Old East, 1er étage
B.P. 1490 Bujumbura
Mobile: +257 98 6976
  Fax: +257 22 9581
  Email: or
What we do:

Sources: - The Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The World Bank
- World Health Organization
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Country Profiles
- United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2005. “World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision.” New York.
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Treatment Map

HIV/AIDS Statistics and Information for 2005 (WHO, UNAIDS):
Adult HIV Prevalence Rate (%): 3.3%
No. Of People living with HIV/AIDS: 150,000
No. Of HIV Testing & Counseling Sites: 128
No. Of People in need of ART: 46,000
No. Of People on ART: 7,875
No. Of Sites Reportedly Distributing ART (October 2006, Conseil National de Lutte contre le Sida, (CNLS): 37 (Twenty-two ART sites located outside the capital, Bujumbura. Additionally, there are 13 sites offering PMTCT treatment.)
No. Of People on ART Public Sector (Oct. 2006, CNLS): 3,053
No. Of People on ART Private Sector (Oct. 2006, CNLS): 999
No. Of People on ART in Non-Governmental Programmes (Oct. 2006, CNLS): 3,823
No. Of People Expected to be on ART (2006 End) (Oct. 2006, CNLS): 8,000
Front Line Drug Regimen: zidovudine (or stavudine) + lamivudine + nevirapine
*PMTCT Regimen:

HIV/AIDS Fund Disbursements:
Total Funds Disbursed By The Global Fund as of Sept. 2006: US$31,453,595
Total Funds Disbursed By The World Bank Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programme (MAP) as of Sept. 2006: US$36 million
Total Funds Disbursed By PEPFAR During 2005 Fiscal Year: nil


Demographics (United Nations Population Fund):
Population: 7,548,000
Population aged 15-59: 3,835,000
Urban population: 801,000

Under 5 mortality per 1000 births: 173
Male life expectancy: 42 years
Female life expectancy: 47 years
Combined average life expectancy: 44.5 years
Combined average life expectancy 1975-1980: 46.1 years

Education (UNESCO, 2004):
Males with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
14% (2004 UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate)
Females with secondary education as percentage of secondary school-age youths:
10% (2004 UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate)

Literacy rates (UNESCO, 2004):
Percentage of literate males aged 15 or older: 57.7 percent
Percentage of literate females aged 15 or older: 43.6 percent
Combined literacy rate for aged 15 or older: 50.4 percent
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