Africa Asia Middle East عربي Français Português Subscribe RSS IRIN Site Map
Global HIV/AIDS news and analysis
Advanced search
 Friday 13 February 2009
Weekly reports 
In-Depth reports 
Country profiles 
Fact files 
Most read 
Print report
BURUNDI: HIV programmes suffer as government, NGOs feel the pinch

Photo: Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
The expansion of PMTCT programmes has been put on hold
BUJUMBURA, 24 October 2008 (PlusNews) - HIV programmes in Burundi have been struggling to support people affected by the pandemic since the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis (TB) and Malaria rejected the country's request for funds a year ago.

"It has been very hard; we have tried to use our internal resources and prioritise interventions to make sure that we cover the most important activities," Dr Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of the national AIDS control council, CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

CNLS said the government had a shortfall of US$11 million of the $28 million required to fight the pandemic in 2008 as a result of the Global Fund rejection in November 2007, and there was a gap of $83 million to cover all the needs of the national AIDS strategic plan from 2007 to 2011.

"We have continued to buy ARVs [antiretrovirals] and train a few doctors, but our prevention efforts and attempts to help orphans and vulnerable children have suffered," Rirangira said.

Although the government and the Global Fund agreed that money from the fifth round of grants could be used over a two-year period to fill the funding gap, rather than the initial three years stipulated, the government has still had to tighten its belt.

"We had plans to expand services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission [PMTCT] of HIV, but we have had to postpone them till we get more funding," he added. "That sector is still very underdeveloped."

CNLS said over 500 health centres around the country offered antenatal services to pregnant women, but less than 20 percent of the clinics were able to offer PMTCT services.

"Our surveys estimate that, every year, between 15,000 and 18,000 HIV-positive mothers have children, but only about 1,000 of them benefit from PMTCT services," he said.

The country's health infrastructure was decimated by over a decade of conflict, but a shortage of funding has also slowed rebuilding the system and training health care workers.

According to Doctors of the World, an international health NGO, Burundi has one doctor for every 33,500 patients.

"Most of our doctors have moved to neighbouring countries or to Europe; we need to be able to offer health workers better packages to keep them in Burundi," Rirangira said.

NGOs also feel the pinch

Burundi has 12,000 people on ARVs, but almost twice as many need the drugs. NGOs have also had to rein in their spending and, in turn, their services to HIV-positive people. The Association Nationale de soutien aux Seropositifs et Sideens (ANSS), a Global Fund beneficiary, has been unable to take on additional patients this year.

"Access to ARVs is now limited to people whom we were already supplying, and their families," said Jeanne Gapiya, the founder of ANSS, the largest non-government provider of anti-AIDS treatment. More than 2,600 people receive ARVs from four ANSS centres around the country.

"In addition to drugs, if we wanted to maintain the quality of service that we provide, we would need to train and hire more doctors," she said. "Right now, our four doctors see 20 patients each per day and we don't want to overload them, so we cannot expand."

Gapiya said expansion would also entail training and hiring more community health workers to monitor families' health, adherence to drugs and psychosocial wellbeing.

According to Rirangira, the government has been notified that the Global Fund's Technical Review Panel has recommended that Burundi's application for funds from the eighth round of grants be accepted. The country has requested $150 million over a five-year period.

However, Nicolas Demey, media liaison for the Global Fund, told IRIN/PlusNews that the proposal still needed endorsement by the fund's board, due to meet in India in November, before it could be considered successful.

"We designed our eighth-round proposal to take into consideration our 2007-2011 strategic plan, because we still have not fulfilled all our aims," Rirangira said. "If we get the funding, all four areas will remain priorities, and we will strengthen PMTCT and prevention particularly."

He added that it was time Burundi began to look inward for funding, so that HIV programmes would be less affected by donor funding cuts and other external factors.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.


Theme(s): (PLUSNEWS) HIV/AIDS (PlusNews)


[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
Print report
FREE Subscriptions
Your e-mail address:

Submit your request
 More on Burundi
GLOBAL: A glimmer of hope for microbicide research
GLOBAL: Optimistic UNAIDS sets ambitious goals
GLOBAL: Global Fund facing shortfall
GLOBAL: A new and improved PEPFAR under Obama?
GLOBAL: IRIN/PlusNews Weekly Issue 417, 12 December 2008
 More on HIV/AIDS (PlusNews)
PHILIPPINES: Safer sex with the butterfly brigade
GLOBAL: IRIN/PlusNews Weekly Issue 425, 23 January 2009
UGANDA: Ditched female condom makes a comeback
RWANDA: "The invisible condom" and other male circumcision myths
UGANDA: Christine Akello, "I pray that a health centre is brought nearer our village"
Back | Home page

Services:  Africa | Asia | Middle East | Radio | Film & TV | Photo | Live news map | E-mail subscription
Feedback · E-mail Webmaster · IRIN Terms & Conditions · Really Simple Syndication News Feeds · About PlusNews · Jobs · Bookmark PlusNews · Donors

Copyright © IRIN 2009
This material comes to you via IRIN, the humanitarian news and analysis service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the United Nations or its Member States. Republication is subject to terms and conditions as set out in the IRIN copyright page.