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DRC: Reducing the HIV risk of girls living on the street
8 May 2012 (PlusNews ), Sarah, 16, started sleeping on the streets of Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic republic of Congo (DRC), when she was only eight years old. She doesn't remember how she came to live on the streets, but thinks it was soon after her mother died.
DRC: HIV effort needs government, donor commitment to succeed
4 May 2012 (PlusNews ), Many national hospitals in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are not accepting new HIV-positive patients for antiretroviral (ARV) treatment. The only way to get onto a treatment list is to wait until a space opens up due to a death or drop-out, or seek the limited treatment options available outside the government's programmes, but few people can afford the drugs.
UGANDA: Combining safe riding on a motorcycle taxi with safe sex
3 May 2012 (PlusNews ), It's Saturday night and Jaffari Musoke*, who rides a 'boda boda' - motorcycle taxi - arrives at his regular stage, or departure point, near several hotels in Kampala, the Ugandan capital. He has an easy camaraderie with the sex workers who hang around the hotels, taking many of them home after a night's work. Sometimes he mixes business with pleasure.
HIV/AIDS: New book tracks the epidemic to its origins
2 May 2012 (PlusNews ), We've all heard the myths and hypotheses about the origins of the epidemic caused by the HI virus, but a new book, “Tinderbox: How the West Sparked the AIDS Epidemic and How the World Can Finally Overcome It”, sheds more light on where it all began. It is a fascinating account of the medical detective work that traced the disease to Cameroon a century ago.
UGANDA: Inadequate healthcare and rising HIV prevalence in Karamoja
30 April 2012 (PlusNews ), The nomadic Karimojong ethnic group, once regarded as a low-risk HIV population because regional instability in northeastern Uganda and strong adherence to their culture kept them relatively isolated, have not been a priority on the country's HIV agenda, but recent statistics show prevalence among this community is now 5.8 percent, up from 3.5 percent five years ago.
EAST AFRICA: Regional HIV Bill passed without criminalization clause
27 April 2012 (PlusNews ), East Africa's Legislative Assembly has passed a regional HIV/AIDS Bill that seeks to protect the rights of people living with HIV and harmonize regional legislation and policy on the prevention and treatment of HIV.
SWAZILAND: Nurses demand protection from TB infection
26 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Hospitals are not protecting their workers from tuberculosis (TB) infection, say nurses in Swaziland, who recently staged a rare public demonstration to draw attention to how vulnerable they are to this highly infectious disease.
KENYA: High court ruling on anti-counterfeit law "upholds right to health"
25 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Kenyan HIV activists say a ruling by the High Court that the definition of "anti-counterfeit" in the 2008 Anti-Counterfeit Act is too broad will save millions of lives and protect the right to life of citizens.
KENYA: Protest over $500 million in unspent PEPFAR funds
25 April 2012 (PlusNews ), More than 400 Kenyan AIDS activists have demonstrated in the capital, Nairobi, demanding that the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief release some US$500 million for HIV programmes in Kenya that is stuck in the pipeline.
DRC: End of mother-to-child HIV transmission still a long way off
24 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Poorly integrated maternal health services, a lack of human resources and a serious shortage of money for treatment mean the Democratic Republic of Congo is unlikely to meet the global plan of eliminating mother-to-child transmission by 2015.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Violence and belief in magic raise risk of HIV for women
18 April 2012 (PlusNews ), High levels of sexual violence and a cultural belief in witchcraft are putting an increasing number of women at risk of HIV in Papua New Guinea (PNG), health experts say.
HIV/AIDS: A Rogues' Gallery
18 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Grantees of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria who allegedly committed fraud or misused funds unwittingly did a lot of damage to the Fund – and, many say, global health - as donors withdrew and the beleaguered organization faced a "crisis of confidence" in recent years. But the Fund has responded and is undergoing an extensive restructuring process. IRIN/PlusNews takes a look at some of the alleged fraudsters and the progress of the investigations.
NEPAL: Treatment illiteracy puts HIV benchmarks in peril
17 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Poor understanding of antiretroviral therapy (ART) amongst health officials, clinicians and patients in Nepal could undermine gains in the country’s HIV/AIDS prevention efforts and threaten future progress in lowering the number of new infections.
AFRICA: Co-trimoxazole discontinuation linked to increased malaria
11 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Abruptly discontinuing co-trimoxazole - an antibiotic used to prevent opportunistic infections in HIV-positive people - can lead to a higher incidence of malaria and diarrhoea compared with patients who keep on taking the drug, a new study has found.
KENYA: Better training needed for counsellors of HIV-discordant couples
5 April 2012 (PlusNews ), The Kenyan government has issued guidelines on counselling for HIV-discordant couples, but many counsellors in smaller, rural health centres remain untrained.
NEPAL: HIV-positive children, orphans neglected
3 April 2012 (PlusNews ), In the village of Rakam in Dailekh District, about 700km northwest of the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu, 12-year-old Ravi* is living with HIV and has no idea if he will finish his education.
DRC: Kinshasa fashion highlights lack of ARVs
3 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Twelve HIV-positive women held a fashion show in Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, on 30 March to highlight the plight of tens of thousands of people with HIV/AIDS, and challenge donors and the authorities to provide adequate treatment.
UGANDA: Deaf demand inclusion in HIV programmes
2 April 2012 (PlusNews ), Leaders of the deaf community in Uganda say the government's HIV programmes have failed them because their special needs are not taken into consideration.
UGANDA: HIV services in western refugee camps overwhelmed
29 March 2012 (PlusNews ), Health workers manning five health centres in two refugee camps in the southwestern Ugandan district of Isingiro say they are overwhelmed by the high number of refugees and local residents in need of HIV services.
KENYA: Many sex workers are married, new report reveals
27 March 2012 (PlusNews ), A new survey of commercial sex work in Kenya, the first to include male sex workers, has revealed that 40 percent of female and male commercial sex workers are in marriages or stable unions.

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