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AFRICA: Testing an ARV-containing vaginal ring
9 June 2010 (PlusNews ), Researchers have begun a clinical trial to test the safety and acceptability of a vaginal ring containing an antiretroviral (ARV) drug to prevent HIV transmission during sex.
SOUTH AFRICA: World Cup poses risks for out-of-school kids
8 June 2010 (PlusNews ), As South African children look forward to a mid-year school holiday that will last longer than the usual winter break because of the FIFA World Cup, parents and caregivers are faced with the dilemma of how to keep them safe during the five weeks of festivities.
SOUTH AFRICA: World Cup HIV prevention plans fall short
4 June 2010 (PlusNews ), The excitement over the FIFA World Cup is not just about football, it's also about the party. Large quantities of alcohol are sure to be consumed as foreign football fans rub shoulders with locals, and inhibitions are likely to fall away.
SOUTH AFRICA: Drug resistance, alcohol and money
4 June 2010 (PlusNews ), A complex mix of issues drives drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) patients to default on medication, not least of which are alcohol and money, according to new research presented by Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF), the international medical charity, at the South African TB Conference in the east-coast city of Durban.
SOUTH AFRICA: Activists call for integrated HIV/TB services
3 June 2010 (PlusNews ), A consortium of AIDS organizations has given the South African government three months to deliver on promises to integrate TB and HIV services.
UGANDA: When do we tell children they are HIV positive?
3 June 2010 (PlusNews ), A Ugandan draft policy recommending that HIV-positive children be informed of their status by the age of 10 has drawn mixed reactions from health workers.
SOUTH AFRICA: TB response fails children
2 June 2010 (PlusNews ), The fight against tuberculosis (TB) has failed children: the share of paediatric TB is increasing, and children have not escaped the rising tide of drug-resistant strains, according to new research presented at the South African TB Conference.
SOUTH AFRICA: Musa Njoko, "What made me really mad was the failure to diagnose my TB in good time"
2 June 2010 (PlusNews ), Musa "Queen" Njoko is a well-known South African gospel singer and motivational speaker, running her own successful business. She was also one of the first women to publicly disclose her HIV-positive status. Njoko spoke to IRIN/PlusNews at the South African TB Conference in the port city of Durban about one of her two bouts with TB, and how late diagnosis put her life at risk.
SOUTH AFRICA: Sports stars urge men to "do the right thing"
1 June 2010 (PlusNews ), A team of top South African and international sportsmen will lend their star power to a campaign that promotes HIV prevention, and an end to violence against women and children.
KENYA: HIV carries moral stigma - report
31 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Many Kenyans see HIV as a punishment for immoral behaviour, which tends to perpetuate stigma against people infected with the virus, according to a report by ActionAid International, an anti-poverty agency, and Women fighting AIDS in Kenya, a local NGO.
KENYA: Putting HIV-positive people at the centre of prevention
28 May 2010 (PlusNews ), People living with HIV must take their place at the forefront of HIV prevention efforts in Kenya if they are to be truly successful, senior government officials said at the launch of a set of national guidelines for rolling out "Prevention with Positives" in the capital, Nairobi.
AFRICA: Eliminate bottlenecks to end mother-to-child HIV transmission
28 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Making services for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV available without addressing the factors that keep mothers from accessing these services was an exercise in futility, experts told a press briefing in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi.
MALAWI: Malawi moves to adopt WHO guidelines
27 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Developing countries like Malawi are calculating the cost of adhering to new World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines that recommend starting HIV-positive people on antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) sooner.
AFRICA: New research backs "treatment as prevention"
27 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Targeting antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes to prioritize people with low immunity and a high viral load could be an effective HIV prevention strategy, say the authors of a new study published in The Lancet.
AFRICA: Lost funding means lost lives
27 May 2010 (PlusNews ), As donors retreat from funding HIV and AIDS programmes, years of progress in HIV treatment are under threat and the lives of HIV-positive people are increasingly on the line, according to a new report by the international medical charity, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
GLOBAL: PMTCT could be key to cutting child mortality
25 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Sub-Saharan Africa is struggling to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of reducing child mortality but with greater access to prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) services, some countries are slowly catching up.
GLOBAL: ARVs for prevention? Proceed with caution, say researchers
25 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Two new studies have confirmed fears that the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to prevent HIV could lead to drug resistance if inadvertently used by people who were already infected.
GLOBAL: Pregnancy increases men's HIV risk
24 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Findings from a new study reveal that a man's risk of contracting HIV from an infected female partner doubles during pregnancy. Other studies have indicated that women are more susceptible to HIV infection during pregnancy, but this is the first to show that men are also at greater risk.
KENYA: Counsellors face burnout as national testing drive presses on
21 May 2010 (PlusNews ), The Kenyan government has won praise for a national door-to-door HIV testing drive that aims to test 80 percent of the population for HIV/AIDS by the end of 2010, but once-enthusiastic counsellors are beginning to show signs of burnout.
KENYA: Growing self-esteem at farm schools
19 May 2010 (PlusNews ), Rural Kenyans affected by the post-election violence in 2008 are among thousands of beneficiaries of a programme that aims to improve food security and incomes and reduce women's vulnerability to gender-based violence by teaching better farming techniques.

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