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HIV/AIDS: More proof that PrEP works
14 July 2011 (PlusNews ), A new study has added to growing evidence that a daily dose of antiretroviral treatment taken by the HIV-negative partner in a heterosexual, HIV-discordant relationship can significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
HIV/AIDS: Survey reveals gaps in HIV programming for MSM
14 July 2011 (PlusNews ), A new global survey of more than 5,000 men who have sex with men reveals a marginalized group of people with little access to basic HIV prevention tools such as condoms and few means to learn about HIV.
KENYA: More cervical cancer screening for HIV-positive women urged
12 July 2011 (PlusNews ), The Kenyan government is taking steps to incorporate screening for cervical cancer - one of the biggest killers of women of child-bearing age - into HIV care, but health workers say low awareness means the uptake of this vital service is low.
HIV/AIDS: Gilead first to join medicines patent pool
12 July 2011 (PlusNews ), Gilead Sciences has become the first pharmaceutical company to sign a licensing agreement with the Medicines Patent Pool to increase access to HIV and Hepatitis B treatment in developing countries.
HIV/AIDS: Debunking the spending backlash
7 July 2011 (PlusNews ), National AIDS programmes are feeling the pinch as the international community and governments rethink their prioritization of AIDS over other infectious diseases. The withdrawal of support for the fight against HIV is gaining momentum and it is time to get angry, according to Francois Venter, head of the Southern Africa HIV Clinicians Society. He spoke to IRIN/PlusNews about debunking the five major claims fuelling the backlash against global HIV expenditure, drawing on work by University of Cape Town professor Nicoli Nattrass and long-time HIV activist Gregg Gonsalves.
ZIMBABWE: Rate of male circumcision speeds up
4 July 2011 (PlusNews ), Zimbabwe has set a goal of circumcising 1.2 million men by 2015 - a bold target for a country that has been slow to get its circumcision programme off the ground but is now rapidly making up for lost time.
THAILAND: Cultural mainstreaming leaves MSM at high HIV risk
30 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Gay rights activists in Thailand say a unique combination of muted discrimination and cultural mainstreaming of the gay and transgender community is to blame for a dangerous lack of knowledge about HIV among gay and transgender persons, especially the youth.
HIV/AIDS: Older ARVs associated with premature ageing
27 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Certain antiretroviral drugs commonly used in the developing world may be responsible for premature ageing, according to the authors of a new study published in the journal, Nature Genetics. Newer, less toxic but more expensive ARVs are more commonly used in the Western world.
SOUTH AFRICA: Reproductive services could open door to HIV prevention
27 June 2011 (PlusNews ), In theory, it should go something like this: pregnant woman tests HIV-positive as part of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) services at her antenatal clinic, and tells dad-to-be; dad tests for HIV and they support each other, start treatment if need be, and prevent HIV transmission to baby or dad.
SOUTH AFRICA: AIDS conspiracy believers less likely to condomise
22 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Thirty years after the discovery of AIDS, conspiracy theories that posit the virus as man-made continue to enjoy support among a segment of South African youth - and these beliefs may be putting them at greater risk of HIV infection.
HIV/AIDS: New guidelines on HIV programming for MSM
22 June 2011 (PlusNews ), HIV and gay rights activists say new guidelines released by the UN World Health Organization on HIV programming for men who have sex with men will not only improve health service provision for MSM, but will also act as an advocacy tool in the fight for the rights of this marginalized population.
KENYA: Poor adherence threatens paediatric ARV programme
21 June 2011 (PlusNews ), As Kenya puts more HIV-positive children on life-prolonging antiretroviral drugs, experts are warning that unless more effort is put into ensuring the medicines are taken regularly, widespread treatment failure could result.
HIV/AIDS: Anal sex HIV risk misunderstood among heterosexuals
21 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Vaginal sex, thigh sex, even armpit sex - people have sex in lots of ways, but in heterosexual anal sex, HIV prevention programming is silent about the high risk of infection that goes with it, and people may have mistaken this silence for safety.
AFRICA: New light shed on male sex work
20 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Commercial sex work, dominated by a focus on women, could be redefined as new research launched today in Nairobi, Kenya, sheds light on the complicated HIV prevention needs of what may be Africa’s most deeply underground group at high risk of HIV - male sex workers.
ETHIOPIA: Five-year project to benefit OVC
16 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Kokobe Abate is a widow struggling to raise her daughter Almaz in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. The death of her husband hit the family hard, but he had given up on life long before he died.
MALAWI: Local myths stall paediatric HIV treatment
14 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Local understanding of children’s immune systems may be delaying access to paediatric HIV treatment, according to a study at a rural clinic in northern Malawi, where just 15 percent of children in need of antiretrovirals (ARVs) are receiving the drugs.
KENYA: Rural MSM too afraid to access HIV health services
14 June 2011 (PlusNews ), Discriminatory laws and a largely homophobic society mean that men who have sex with men in Kenya generally find it difficult to access HIV-related information and health services, but rural MSM have an especially hard time.
HIV/AIDS: Bold new goal for 2020 set at UN AIDS summit
13 June 2011 (PlusNews ), The United Nations High-Level Meeting on AIDS was nothing if not bold. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for a global commitment to eliminate AIDS by 2020. “That is our goal – zero new infections, zero stigma and zero AIDS-related deaths,” Ban said to a round of applause at the UN General Assembly last week in New York.
SOUTH AFRICA: Promise and peril in ARV-based prevention
10 June 2011 (PlusNews ), The road to prevention methods based on antiretroviral (ARV) drugs is still fraught with challenges, but recent groundbreaking trial results from this promising new field offer greater hope than previous efforts.
HIV/AIDS: UN High-Level Meeting on AIDS - where to from here?
9 June 2011 (PlusNews ), More than 30 heads of state and government are at the 2011 UN High-Level Meeting on AIDS in New York - one of the biggest events on the HIV/AIDS calendar. It has been 30 years since the first case of HIV was diagnosed, 10 years since the landmark UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS, and 5 years since countries met to commit to universal access to HIV services. The meeting couldn't have come at a better time - funding for AIDS is on the decline, while competing global priorities such as climate change have captured the world's attention.

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