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HIV/AIDS: Rethinking contraception and infection risk
7 October 2011 (PlusNews ), Hormonal birth-control injections may double a woman's risk of contracting HIV and passing it on to her partner, according to a new study. The research comes at a time when many governments are looking to scale up their family-planning programmes in a bid to reduce maternal mortality.
KENYA: University freshers often green about dangers of HIV
5 October 2011 (PlusNews ), They arrive at university looking forward to the freedom and challenges that come with life on campus, but researchers say few Kenyan "freshers" are prepared to navigate the murky waters of adult sexual relationships.
SOUTH AFRICA: Twelve years of the TAC fight
4 October 2011 (PlusNews ), A new book looks back on more than a decade of the life of South African lobby group, the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), whose brand of activism came to define the world’s fight for HIV treatment and care.
SOUTH AFRICA: A timeline of HIV/AIDS activism
4 October 2011 (PlusNews ), In a new book, Fighting for our Lives, the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), an HIV/AIDS lobby group, looks back on more than a decade of activism. IRIN/PlusNews presents a timeline of 12 years of highlights as the group translated action into wider access to HIV treatment:
HIV/AIDS: Setback for PrEP as branch of trial is halted
29 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Hopes for a female-controlled HIV prevention tool have been dealt a blow by the termination of one part of a large African trial after it failed to show effectiveness.
HIV/AIDS: New data backs early HIV treatment cost-effectiveness
26 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Modelling has demonstrated the benefits and now data has provided the proof as researchers in Haiti have found that earlier HIV treatment is cost-effective, reducing the risk of death by 75 percent among HIV patients for just US$6.25 more a month.
HIV/AIDS: Weird science helping bid to defeat virus
23 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Computer gamers, glow-in-the-dark cats and neutralizing viruses sound like the stuff of science fiction but they may be the key to eliminating HIV.
KENYA: NCDs and HIV fight for limited resources
20 September 2011 (PlusNews ), The crowd of health issues jostling for a share of Kenya's inadequate health budget is expanding, with activists calling for an increase in resources for the management of non-communicable diseases, which account for more than 50 percent of hospital deaths and admissions.
HEALTH: HIV/AIDS and chronic diseases - learning from each other
20 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Health officials in sub-Saharan Africa are finally focusing on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, having spent much of the past decade concentrating on HIV/AIDS and malaria.
KENYA-SOMALIA: Hidden sex work, HIV risk in Dadaab
16 September 2011 (PlusNews ), At Ifo trading centre, a short distance from northeastern Kenya's Dadaab refugee complex, Hawa*, a teenage girl, sits in a dark room on an old jerry can holding a small bunch of fresh khat, a mild stimulant, ostensibly for sale.
HIV/AIDS: RV144 vaccine trial - what happens next?
14 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Scientists could not explain how two infection-fighting proteins in humans affected the rate of HIV infection in participants of the vaccine trial in Thailand known as RV144 – until now.
RWANDA: Plan to treat HIV discordant couples
12 September 2011 (PlusNews ), HIV-positive Rwandans in discordant relationships will start taking antiretroviral treatment as soon as they test positive as part of a plan to boost national HIV prevention and treatment efforts.
MALAWI: ARV supply and funding woes
9 September 2011 (PlusNews ), By 9am, the Limbe Health Centre in Malawi's second city, Blantyre, is already full. HIV-positive patients are lining up to collect their antiretrovirals, despite reports of shortages at state clinics and hospitals.
KENYA-SOMALIA: Refugees at risk of sexual violence
8 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Amina*, 27, left her home town of Kismayo in south-central Somalia at the end of May for northern Kenya's Dadaab refugee camp. The journey took her and her four children 14 days and nearly broke them, but between the famine and the conflict, she was afraid that staying in Somalia could mean death.
BURUNDI: Deaths reported as ARV shortage continues
5 September 2011 (PlusNews ), Burundian NGOs say at least 20 people have died as a national shortage of antiretroviral continues.
ZAMBIA: Low STI testing puts HIV-positive pregnant women at risk
1 September 2011 (PlusNews ), While most pregnant women in Zambia are now tested for HIV, other sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis are not being diagnosed, placing the lives of thousands of women at risk.
EGYPT: HIV-positive people battle health service discrimination
31 August 2011 (PlusNews ), The last time Mustafa Abdel Rahman, an Egyptian living with HIV, visited a hospital in Cairo, he was treated so shoddily by the medical personnel that eight years on he refuses to go back.
UGANDA: Calls for inclusion of MSM in new HIV strategy
26 August 2011 (PlusNews ), A new national HIV/AIDS strategic plan for Uganda is due to be finalized before the year's end, and gay rights activists are urging its authors to break with tradition and, for the first time, provide for programming for men who have sex with men.
ASIA: HIV response at a crossroads
26 August 2011 (PlusNews ), The Asia-Pacific region is at a critical point in its HIV response, states a UNAIDS report that shows a mix of successes and challenges over the past decade.
CAMBODIA: HIV exacts big toll, says report
26 August 2011 (PlusNews ), Prach Vothy, a single mother of two living with HIV, is struggling to make ends meet. Food for herself and her family is often little more than a bowl of boiled water lilies – one of the cheapest items in the local market.

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