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HIV/AIDS: The latest word on hormonal contraception and HIV
5 December 2012 (PlusNews ), In early 2012, the UN World Health Organization (WHO) announced it could not conclusively determine whether hormonal contraceptive injections increased the risk of HIV transmission. Almost a year later, WHO is still struggling to communicate clear guidance for women using injectable contraceptives, who are largely in the dark about these concerns, say activists, even as scientists are developing a clinical trial that could finally offer answers.
KENYA: Exclusive breastfeeding on the rise
4 December 2012 (PlusNews ), Kenya has made significant strides in boosting exclusive breastfeeding, even passing a new law banning the promotion of infant formula. Nevertheless, challenges to safe infant feeding - a major part of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission - remain.
HIV/AIDS: The female condom showdown
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Introduced more than 15 years ago, the female condom has gotten a bad rap, with some comparing it to having sex with a plastic bag, while many others still don't know about the only female-controlled HIV prevention method available.
UGANDA: Profiles of infidelity, HIV vulnerability
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Married or cohabiting couples are at a higher risk of HIV infection in Uganda than their single counterparts, with some studies finding that as many as 65 percent of new infections occur in long-term relationships. The prevailing culture, a hybrid of traditional mores and more modern, western values, accepts - even expects - men, and increasingly women, to have a "side dish" - a euphemism for a sexual affair.
SOUTH AFRICA: New ARV tender drops prices, changes treatment
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), The South African government has negotiated savings of about US$250 million in its latest antiretroviral (ARV) tender, which is the first to include a three-in-one tablet. This triple fixed-dose combination ARV will now allow the country to move to new, simpler HIV treatment and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) guidelines in April 2013.
KENYA: Rita, "I feel cheated of my right to decide whether to give birth or not"
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), In August 2012, the African Gender and Media Initiative, a Kenyan NGO, released a report documenting cases of forced and coerced sterilizations of HIV-positive women, carried out by both private and government-run health facilities.
SOUTH AFRICA: Treatment programme by numbers
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), South Africa has recently made huge strides in HIV treatment, scaling-up the number of people on antiretroviral (ARV) drugs while also improving its national treatment guidelines.
How to: Map sexual networks
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), With whom did you last have sex? When? Where? How? At crowded food stalls and in dimly lit bars, Kelvin Parker carries out what HIV researchers call “sexual networking mapping”.
HIV/AIDS: New blueprint charts PEPFAR’s future
30 November 2012 (PlusNews ), In its newly released “blueprint,” the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) charts the next phase of the country’s response to the HIV epidemic. In it, the largest funder of HIV efforts globally will focus on HIV prevention, new technologies, women and girls, and the most at-risk populations (MARPs).
HIV/AIDS: The beginning of the end of AIDS? Not quite
29 November 2012 (PlusNews ), The world is not on track to meet ambitious targets to significantly reduce sexual transmission of HIV, virtually eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission and achieve universal access to treatment by 2015, according to a new report by global advocacy group ONE.
UGANDA: Fishing communities missing out on HIV treatment
26 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Fishing communities in in Uganda do not have adequate access to life-prolonging antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), posing a possible setback to the country’s fight against HIV, new statistics reveal.
PHILIPPINES: Social media link to rising HIV among MSM
21 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Social media, coupled with prevailing unsafe sexual practices, is driving up levels of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM), health experts warn.
HEALTH: New Global Fund executive director on the Fund’s future
20 November 2012 (PlusNews ), After months of headhunting and interviews, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has appointed Mark Dybul, former director of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), as its new executive director. Dybul spoke to IRIN/PlusNews about the future of the Fund.
HIV/AIDS: Despite progress, HIV efforts fall short
20 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Record progress in reducing the number of new HIV infections and lowering the numbers of people dying from AIDS-related causes indicate that the end of AIDS is "entirely feasible". But the epidemic is not over in any part of the world, and is gaining pace in some.
HIV/AIDS: UNAIDS World AIDS Day report - the Highlights
20 November 2012 (PlusNews ), From decreasing HIV infection rates to insufficient condom distribution, UNAIDS’s latest report on the HIV pandemic is a mixed bag.
HEALTH: The Global Fund - a week in review
19 November 2012 (PlusNews ), As the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria gears up for its next replenishment meeting, the body’s leadership reflects some big changes. Among these are the axing of the Fund’s inspector general, John Parsons, and the appointment of Mark Dybul, previously of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), as executive director.
HEALTH: TB response failing children
16 November 2012 (PlusNews ), The global fight against tuberculosis (TB) has failed children: most TB programmes under-diagnose, under-treat or completely leave children with TB out, despite the increase in paediatric TB, and rising numbers of children who are infected with drug-resistant forms of TB strains, according to new research.
UGANDA: Sex workers missing out on HIV care
14 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Sex workers in Uganda's capital, Kampala, are reluctant to seek HIV testing and treatment services, putting their health in jeopardy, preliminary results of a new study reveal.
UGANDA: Anti-gay bill could be passed before Christmas
13 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Uganda's parliament will, before Christmas, pass a highly controversial bill which seeks more stringent punishments for people engaging in homosexual acts and those perceived to be "promoting" homosexuality, says the speaker of the house.
SWAZILAND: HIV stigma still a barrier
12 November 2012 (PlusNews ), Stigma against HIV-positive people is hobbling national efforts to encourage testing, and to get more people to access antiretrovirals (ARVs), according to findings from a stigma index compiled by Swazis living with HIV.

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