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GLOBAL: Universal HIV testing could eliminate HIV within a decade - WHO
27 November 2008 (PlusNews ), Universal HIV testing and immediate antiretroviral (ARV) drugs could reduce new infections in high-prevalence countries by as much as 95 percent within ten years, according to a new study by scientists from the UN World Health Organisation (WHO).
GLOBAL: We can save more babies, say researchers
20 November 2008 (PlusNews ), A ground-breaking South African study has provided the first hard evidence that treating HIV-positive babies with antiretroviral (ARV) medicines from as early as six weeks dramatically improves their chances of survival.
NIGERIA: "With this HIV test, I thee wed"
20 November 2008 (PlusNews ), Getting married in Nigeria often requires more than just the bride and groom turning up at the altar, and having witnesses and wedding rings present: many Christian churches also require an HIV test certificate.
GLOBAL: Falling foul of the Fund
4 November 2008 (PlusNews ), The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was formed in 2001 for the purpose of setting up an innovative approach to providing finance to combat the three diseases that kill more than six million people worldwide every year.
GLOBAL: Leadership determines AIDS performance
25 September 2008 (PlusNews ), As South Africa prepared to swear in a new president on 25 September after the dramatic ousting of Thabo Mbeki four days before, attempts by commentators to summarise the former president's mixed legacy have not failed to mention his controversial stance on AIDS.
NIGERIA: Underground sex in the conservative north
15 August 2008 (PlusNews ), Idris is a pimp and makes no bones about it. Because of the way the sex industry works in Nigeria's northern city of Kano, he and the women he pimps have a co-dependant relationship – they exploit each other.
NIGERIA: Rising risk in the delta
14 August 2008 (PlusNews ), The deployment of additional troops to Nigeria's restive, oil-soaked delta has managed to improve security, but not even their commanders believe there can be a military solution to the armed young men in the creeks, willing to back their demands for a greater share of the wealth their region produces by attacking oil facilities and the soldiers guarding them.
NIGERIA: Gays hesitate at the closet door
14 August 2008 (PlusNews ), There is no explicit gay scene in Nigeria, but in the Ibiza bar in the capital, Abuja, the action on the packed dance floor seems a little more exclusively guy-on-guy, a little bit raunchier than may be considered "normal".
NIGERIA: Sex, trucks and HIV
13 August 2008 (PlusNews ), Petrol tankers parked nose-to-tail line the five-kilometre stretch of road from the southern Nigerian town of Eleme to its refinery, waiting to fuel up and begin their long journey home.
GLOBAL: AIDS spending breaks records, but needs more focus
8 July 2008 (PlusNews ), HIV/AIDS funding to low- and middle-income countries reached a record level in 2007, according to a new report by UNAIDS.
AFRICA: Mind your language - a short guide to HIV/AIDS slang
18 June 2008 (PlusNews ), HIV has hit our lives, our families, our economies; it also shapes the way we talk. IRIN/PlusNews looks at how the virus and its impact translates into everyday speech from the streets of Lagos to the townships of Johannesburg, and finds that despite the billions of dollars spent on positive communication strategies, the word on the street remains decidedly negative.
SOUTHERN AFRICA: Understanding infidelity
5 June 2008 (PlusNews ), "Multiple, concurrent partnerships" has become the latest catchphrase in the HIV/AIDS lexicon. It refers to the practice of having more than one sexual partner at the same time, which experts say is a key driver of Southern Africa's devastating HIV/AIDS epidemic.
GLOBAL: Less silence, more science could make anal sex safer
27 February 2008 (PlusNews ), The silence and taboo surrounding anal sex is putting millions of men and women at risk of HIV, delegates attending the fourth international microbicides conference in New Delhi, India, heard this week.
GLOBAL: ARVs in microbicide research - keeping hope alive?
25 February 2008 (PlusNews ), After a string of depressing trial results, the fourth international microbicides conference in New Delhi, India, kicked off this week with a ray of hope that new research could deliver a new generation of HIV prevention approaches for women.
NIGERIA: Local government slow to react to AIDS crisis
9 November 2007 (PlusNews ), Nigeria's east-central state of Benue holds the unenviable record of having the highest HIV infection rate in the country. According to a 2005 survey, 10 percent of its estimated 2.8 million inhabitants are HIV-positive.
NIGERIA: Local ARV manufacturers want state support
12 October 2007 (PlusNews ), Local manufacturers of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are calling for the government to increase tariffs on imported anti-AIDS medicines, and discourage aid agencies and foreign governments from donating free drugs, to help them continue producing medicines for Nigerians living with HIV.
NIGERIA: Treatment scale-up urgently needed
20 September 2007 (PlusNews ), Nigeria is lagging behind in the provision of antiretroviral (ARV) treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS, and only one out of five people who need the drugs have access to them, according to a new study.
NIGERIA: College slammed for HIV testing
29 August 2007 (PlusNews ), A private Christian university in Nigeria has come under fire from activists and health officials over its policy of compelling students to undergo HIV and pregnancy tests.
NIGERIA: Muslim groups join the struggle
15 August 2007 (PlusNews ), Every weekend groups of Muslim women belonging to Al' Muminat (The Believing Women) meet in Lagos, Nigeria's commercial capital, and along with discussing spiritual matters, tackle the very secular issue of AIDS.
NIGERIA: Supporting discordant couples to stay together
27 July 2007 (PlusNews ), Ibrahim Umoru enjoyed a harmonious relationship with his wife in Lagos, Nigeria's most populous city, until he tested positive for HIV in 2001. Despite initially showing some understanding of his situation, his wife, who was HIV negative, eventually left him. "She managed to endure with me for about a year," Umoru told IRIN/Plusnews.

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