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Tuesday 21 February 2006
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AFRICA: Antiretroviral treatment off target

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 12 October (PLUSNEWS) - With HIV/AIDS still rising and only 11 percent of the people who need antiretroviral (ARV) treatment able to access it, sub-Saharan Africa seems way off the World Health Organisation's (WHO) '3 by 5' target.

The '3 by 5' initiative aims to provide three million people living with HIV/AIDS in developing countries with ARVs by the end of 2005.

Dr Olive Shisana, CEO of South Africa's Human Sciences Research Council, told delegates at the third Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance (SAHARA) conference in Dakar, Senegal, that the '3 by 5' initiative had not been more successful because of a generally low sense of urgency, and countries often did not have the capacity to absorb the increased resources available.

She drew on studies in various African countries to emphasise that gender equality was key in containing the spread of the virus, and that "women's subordination to men contributes to higher infection rates among women".

Shisana also warned that risky sexual behaviour, especially among young men, was not changing quickly enough to reverse the rate of new HIV infections, the Health24 news service reported on Tuesday.



Recent AFRICA Reports
Govt adopts more focused approach to help orphans,  21/Feb/06
IRIN PlusNews Weekly Issue 271, 17 February 2006,  17/Feb/06
Armed forces to tackle impact of HIV/AIDS,  13/Feb/06
IRIN PlusNews Weekly Issue 270, 10 February 2006,  10/Feb/06
Year in Review 2005 - Uneven progress in treatment provision,  3/Feb/06
· AIDS Media Center
· The Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria
· International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS
· International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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